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Argonaute-associated short introns are a novel class of gene regulators

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Argonaute-associated short introns are a novel class of gene regulators. / Hansen, Thomas B; Venø, Morten T; Jensen, Trine I; Schaefer, Anne; Damgaard, Christian K; Kjems, Jørgen.

I: Nature Communications, Bind 7, 11538, 2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{083f984d31e543d583ad86f1e0cee47d,
title = "Argonaute-associated short introns are a novel class of gene regulators",
abstract = "MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short (∼22 nucleotides) regulators of gene expression acting by direct base pairing to 3'-UTR target sites in messenger RNAs. Mature miRNAs are produced by two sequential endonucleolytic cleavages facilitated by Drosha in the nucleus and Dicer in the cytoplasm. A subclass of miRNAs, termed mirtrons, derives from short introns and enters the miRNA biogenesis pathway as Dicer substrates. Here we uncover a third biogenesis strategy that, similar to mirtron biogenesis, initiates from short introns but bypasses Dicer cleavage. These short introns (80-100 nucleotides), coined agotrons, are associated with and stabilized by Argonaute (Ago) proteins in the cytoplasm. Some agotrons are completely conserved in mammalian species, suggesting that they are functionally important. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the agotrons are capable of repressing mRNAs with seed-matching target sequences in the 3'-UTR. These data provide evidence for a novel RNA regulator of gene expression, which bypasses the canonical miRNA biogenesis machinery.",
author = "Hansen, {Thomas B} and Ven{\o}, {Morten T} and Jensen, {Trine I} and Anne Schaefer and Damgaard, {Christian K} and J{\o}rgen Kjems",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms11538",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Argonaute-associated short introns are a novel class of gene regulators

AU - Hansen, Thomas B

AU - Venø, Morten T

AU - Jensen, Trine I

AU - Schaefer, Anne

AU - Damgaard, Christian K

AU - Kjems, Jørgen

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short (∼22 nucleotides) regulators of gene expression acting by direct base pairing to 3'-UTR target sites in messenger RNAs. Mature miRNAs are produced by two sequential endonucleolytic cleavages facilitated by Drosha in the nucleus and Dicer in the cytoplasm. A subclass of miRNAs, termed mirtrons, derives from short introns and enters the miRNA biogenesis pathway as Dicer substrates. Here we uncover a third biogenesis strategy that, similar to mirtron biogenesis, initiates from short introns but bypasses Dicer cleavage. These short introns (80-100 nucleotides), coined agotrons, are associated with and stabilized by Argonaute (Ago) proteins in the cytoplasm. Some agotrons are completely conserved in mammalian species, suggesting that they are functionally important. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the agotrons are capable of repressing mRNAs with seed-matching target sequences in the 3'-UTR. These data provide evidence for a novel RNA regulator of gene expression, which bypasses the canonical miRNA biogenesis machinery.

AB - MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short (∼22 nucleotides) regulators of gene expression acting by direct base pairing to 3'-UTR target sites in messenger RNAs. Mature miRNAs are produced by two sequential endonucleolytic cleavages facilitated by Drosha in the nucleus and Dicer in the cytoplasm. A subclass of miRNAs, termed mirtrons, derives from short introns and enters the miRNA biogenesis pathway as Dicer substrates. Here we uncover a third biogenesis strategy that, similar to mirtron biogenesis, initiates from short introns but bypasses Dicer cleavage. These short introns (80-100 nucleotides), coined agotrons, are associated with and stabilized by Argonaute (Ago) proteins in the cytoplasm. Some agotrons are completely conserved in mammalian species, suggesting that they are functionally important. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the agotrons are capable of repressing mRNAs with seed-matching target sequences in the 3'-UTR. These data provide evidence for a novel RNA regulator of gene expression, which bypasses the canonical miRNA biogenesis machinery.

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms11538

DO - 10.1038/ncomms11538

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27173734

VL - 7

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 11538

ER -