Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Antisense transcription in gammaretroviruses as a mechanism of insertional activation of host genes

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Antisense transcription in gammaretroviruses as a mechanism of insertional activation of host genes. / Rasmussen, Mads Heilskov; Ballarín-González, Borja; Liu, Jinghua; Lassen, Louise Berkhoudt; Füchtbauer, Annette; Füchtbauer, Ernst-Martin; Nielsen, Anders Lade; Pedersen, Finn Skou.

I: Journal of Virology, Bind 84, Nr. 8, 2010, s. 3780-3788.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{21e5f730131e11dfb95d000ea68e967b,
title = "Antisense transcription in gammaretroviruses as a mechanism of insertional activation of host genes",
abstract = "Transcription of retroviruses is initiated at the U3-R boundary in the integrated provirus and continues uni-directionally to produce genomic and messenger RNA products of positive polarity. Several studies have recently demonstrated the existence of naturally occurring protein-encoding transcripts of negative polarity in complex retroviruses. We report here on the identification of transcripts of negative polarity in simple murine leukemia virus (MLV). In T-cell and B-cell lymphomas induced by SL3-3 and Akv MLV, antisense transcripts initiated in the U3 region of the proviral 5' LTR and continued into the cellular proto-oncogenes Jdp2 and Bach2 to create chimeric transcripts consisting of viral and host sequence. The phenomenon was validated in vivo using a knock-in mouse model homozygous for a single LTR at a position known to activate Nras in B-cell lymphomas. 5' RACE analysis indicated a broad spectrum of initiation sites within the U3 of the 5' LTR. Our data for the first time show transcriptional activity of negative polarity initiating in the U3 region of simple retroviruses, and suggest a novel mechanism of insertional activation of host genes. Elucidation of the nature and potential regulatory role of 5' LTR antisense transcription will be relevant to the design of therapeutic vectors, and may contribute to the increasing recognition of pervasive eukaryotic transcription.",
author = "Rasmussen, {Mads Heilskov} and Borja Ballar{\'i}n-Gonz{\'a}lez and Jinghua Liu and Lassen, {Louise Berkhoudt} and Annette F{\"u}chtbauer and Ernst-Martin F{\"u}chtbauer and Nielsen, {Anders Lade} and Pedersen, {Finn Skou}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1128/JVI.02088-09",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "3780--3788",
journal = "Journal of Virology",
issn = "0022-538X",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antisense transcription in gammaretroviruses as a mechanism of insertional activation of host genes

AU - Rasmussen, Mads Heilskov

AU - Ballarín-González, Borja

AU - Liu, Jinghua

AU - Lassen, Louise Berkhoudt

AU - Füchtbauer, Annette

AU - Füchtbauer, Ernst-Martin

AU - Nielsen, Anders Lade

AU - Pedersen, Finn Skou

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Transcription of retroviruses is initiated at the U3-R boundary in the integrated provirus and continues uni-directionally to produce genomic and messenger RNA products of positive polarity. Several studies have recently demonstrated the existence of naturally occurring protein-encoding transcripts of negative polarity in complex retroviruses. We report here on the identification of transcripts of negative polarity in simple murine leukemia virus (MLV). In T-cell and B-cell lymphomas induced by SL3-3 and Akv MLV, antisense transcripts initiated in the U3 region of the proviral 5' LTR and continued into the cellular proto-oncogenes Jdp2 and Bach2 to create chimeric transcripts consisting of viral and host sequence. The phenomenon was validated in vivo using a knock-in mouse model homozygous for a single LTR at a position known to activate Nras in B-cell lymphomas. 5' RACE analysis indicated a broad spectrum of initiation sites within the U3 of the 5' LTR. Our data for the first time show transcriptional activity of negative polarity initiating in the U3 region of simple retroviruses, and suggest a novel mechanism of insertional activation of host genes. Elucidation of the nature and potential regulatory role of 5' LTR antisense transcription will be relevant to the design of therapeutic vectors, and may contribute to the increasing recognition of pervasive eukaryotic transcription.

AB - Transcription of retroviruses is initiated at the U3-R boundary in the integrated provirus and continues uni-directionally to produce genomic and messenger RNA products of positive polarity. Several studies have recently demonstrated the existence of naturally occurring protein-encoding transcripts of negative polarity in complex retroviruses. We report here on the identification of transcripts of negative polarity in simple murine leukemia virus (MLV). In T-cell and B-cell lymphomas induced by SL3-3 and Akv MLV, antisense transcripts initiated in the U3 region of the proviral 5' LTR and continued into the cellular proto-oncogenes Jdp2 and Bach2 to create chimeric transcripts consisting of viral and host sequence. The phenomenon was validated in vivo using a knock-in mouse model homozygous for a single LTR at a position known to activate Nras in B-cell lymphomas. 5' RACE analysis indicated a broad spectrum of initiation sites within the U3 of the 5' LTR. Our data for the first time show transcriptional activity of negative polarity initiating in the U3 region of simple retroviruses, and suggest a novel mechanism of insertional activation of host genes. Elucidation of the nature and potential regulatory role of 5' LTR antisense transcription will be relevant to the design of therapeutic vectors, and may contribute to the increasing recognition of pervasive eukaryotic transcription.

U2 - 10.1128/JVI.02088-09

DO - 10.1128/JVI.02088-09

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20130045

VL - 84

SP - 3780

EP - 3788

JO - Journal of Virology

JF - Journal of Virology

SN - 0022-538X

IS - 8

ER -