Antidepressant treatment in pregnancy: a Danish registry linkage study in pregnant women with pre-existing obsessive-compulsive disorder

Nhung T H Trinh, Birgitte Dige Semark, Trine Munk-Olsen, Xiaoqin Liu, Suraj Bahadur Thapa, Zeynep Yilmaz, Liselotte Vogdrup Petersen, Angela Lupattelli

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The association between antidepressant continuation during pregnancy and postpartum mental health in women with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is uncertain. We identified 1317 women with live-birth singleton pregnancies and having outpatient/inpatient visits for OCD in the 4 years pre-pregnancy from the Danish registries. We defined three groups based on antidepressant prescriptions filled in the 2 years before pregnancy to delivery: (i) unexposed (n = 449); (ii) discontinuers (n = 346), i.e., with pre-pregnancy antidepressant fills only; (iii) continuers (n = 522), i.e., with antidepressant fills before and during pregnancy. We estimated crude and propensity score weighted hazard ratio (HRs) of postpartum visit for OCD and mood/anxiety disorders using Cox proportional hazard models. In weighted analyses, we found no difference in the probability of a postpartum visit for OCD or MADs with antidepressant continuation compared to unexposed and discontinuers. The likelihood of a postpartum OCD visit was higher in pregnancies having only one prescription fill during pregnancy compared to unexposed (HR = 3.44, 95% CI: 1.24, 9.54) or discontinuers (HR = 2.49, 95% CI: 0.91, 6.83). Continuers in pregnancy without antidepressant fill in the first three months postpartum had higher probability for postpartum visit for mood/anxiety disorders compared to discontinuers (HR = 3.84, 95% CI: 1.49, 9.92). Among pregnant women with pre-existing OCD, we found similar probabilities of a postpartum visit for OCD or mood/anxiety disorders in antidepressant continuers compared to unexposed and discontinuers. Continuers with a single prescription fill during pregnancy or no fill postpartum may have higher risks for these outcomes. Our findings highlight the importance of continuity of treatment throughout the perinatal period.

TidsskriftTranslational Psychiatry
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2023


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