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Animal Models of Choroidal Neovascularization: A Systematic Review

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Purpose: Animal models of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) are extensively used to characterize the pathophysiology of chorioretinal diseases with CNV formation and to evaluate novel treatment strategies. This systematic review aims to give a detailed overview of contemporary animal models of CNV.

Methods: A systematic search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE from November 20, 2015, to November 20, 2020, for mammalian animal models of CNV. Following inclusion by two investigators, data from the articles were extracted according to a predefined protocol.

Results: A total of 380 full articles, representing 409 independent animal models, were included. Mice were by far the most utilized animal (76%) followed by rats and non-human primates. The median age of rodents was 8 weeks but with a wide range. Male animals were used in 44% of the studies, but 32% did not report the sex. CNV was laser induced in 89% of the studies, but only 44% of these reported sufficiently on standard laser parameters. Surprisingly, 28% of the studies did not report a sample size for quantitative CNV evaluation. Less than half of the studies performed quantitative in vivo evaluation, and 73% evaluated CNV quantitatively ex vivo. Both in vivo and ex vivo evaluations were conducted primarily at day 7 and/or day 14.

Conclusions: The laser-induced mouse model is the predominant model for experimental CNV. The widespread use of young, healthy male animals may complicate clinical translation, and inadequate reporting challenges reproducibility. Definition and implementation of standardized methodologic and reporting guidelines are attractive.

TidsskriftInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2022

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