Analytical Evaluation of Low-Field 31P NMR Spectroscopy for Lipid Analysis

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We investigate the potential of P-31 NMR with simple, maintenance-free benchtop spectrometers to probe phospholipids in complex mixtures. P-31 NMR-based lipidomics has become an important topic in a wide range of applications in food- and health-sciences, and the continuous improvements of compact, maintenance- and cryogen-free instruments opens new opportunities for NMR routine analyses. A prior milestone is the evaluation of the analytical performance provided by P-31 NMR at low magnetic field. To address this, we assess the ability of state-of-the-art benchtop NMR spectrometers to detect, identify, and quantify several types of phospholipids in mixtures. Relying on heteronuclear cross-polarization experiments, phospholipids can be detected in 2 h with a limit of detection of 0.5 mM at 1 T and 0.2 mM at 2 T, while the headgroups of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidyl-ethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylserine (PS), and phosphatidyl-glycerol (PG) can be unambiguously assigned based on 2D H-1-P-31 total correlated spectroscopy (TOCSY) spectra. Furthermore, two quantitative methods to obtain absolute concentrations are proposed and discussed, and the performance is evaluated regarding precision and accuracy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnalytical Chemistry
Vol/bind91
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)3035-3042
Antal sider8
ISSN0003-2700
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2019

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