An Intelligent Hybrid Artificial Neural Network-Based Approach for Control of Aerial Robots

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  • Siddharth Patel, Nanyang Technological University
  • ,
  • Andriy Sarabakha, Nanyang Technological University
  • ,
  • Dogan Kircali, Nanyang Technological University
  • ,
  • Erdal Kayacan

In this work, a learning model-free control method is proposed for accurate trajectory tracking and safe landing of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). A realistic scenario is considered where the UAV commutes between stations at high-speeds, experiences a single motor failure while surveying an area, and thus requires to land safely at a designated secure location. The proposed challenge is viewed solely as a control problem. A hybrid control architecture – an artificial neural network (ANN)-assisted proportional-derivative controller – is able to learn the system dynamics online and compensate for the error generated during different phases of the considered scenario: fast and agile flight, motor failure, and safe landing. Firstly, it deals with unmodelled dynamics and operational uncertainties and demonstrates superior performance compared to a conventional proportional-integral-derivative controller during fast and agile flight. Secondly, it behaves as a fault-tolerant controller for a single motor failure case in a coaxial hexacopter thanks to its proposed sliding mode control theory-based learning architecture. Lastly, it yields reliable performance for a safe landing at a secure location in case of an emergency condition. The tuning of weights is not required as the structure of the ANN controller starts to learn online, each time it is initialised, even when the scenario changes – thus, making it completely model-free. Moreover, the simplicity of the neural network-based controller allows for the implementation on a low-cost low-power onboard computer. Overall, the real-time experiments show that the proposed controller outperforms the conventional controller.

TidsskriftJournal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications
Sider (fra-til)387-398
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2020

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