An efficient protocol for regeneration and transformation of Symphyotrichum novi-belgii

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A genetic transformation protocol for green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) hypocotyl explants was developed. Green ash hypocotyls were transformed using Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA105 harboring binary vector pq35GR containing the neomycin phosphotransferase (nptII) and β-glucuronidase (GUS) fusion gene, and an enhanced green fluorescent protein gene. Pre-cultured hypocotyl explants were transformed in the presence of 100 μM acetosyringone using 90 s sonication plus 10 min vacuum-infiltration. Kanamycin at 20 mg l−1 was used for selecting transformed cells. Adventitious shoots regenerated on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 13.3 μM 6-benzylaminopurine, 4.5 μM thidiazuron, 50 mg l−1 adenine sulfate, and 10% coconut water. GUS- and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive shoots from the cut ends of hypocotyls were produced via an intermediate callus stage. Presence of the GUS and nptII genes in GUS-positive shoots were confirmed by PCR and copy number of the nptII gene in PCR-positive shoots was determined by Southern blotting. Three transgenic plantlets were acclimatized to the greenhouse. This transformation and regeneration system using hypocotyls provides a foundation for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of green ash. Studies are underway using a construct containing the Cry8Da protein of Bacillus thuringiensis for genetic transformation of green ash.
TidsskriftPlant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
Sider (fra-til)501-512
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2012


  • New York aster, Michaelmas daisy, regeneration, genetic tranformation, genotypic differences, Adventitious shoot formation

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