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Altered Circulating Levels of Serotonin and Immunological Changes in Laying Hens Divergently Selected for Feather Pecking Behavior

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  • Institut for Genetik og Bioteknologi
  • Institut for Husdyrbiologi og -sundhed
  • Biostatistik
  • Populationsgenetik og Embryologi
  • HBS, Sygdomsmekanismer, -markører og -forebyggelse
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in immunological parameters as well as changes with respect to plasma levels of serotonin and tryptophan in lines selected for and against feather pecking (FP) behavior [high FP (HP) line and low FP (LP) line] for 5 generations. The hens from the HP line had a higher plasma serotonin level than those from the LP line (0.059 vs. 0.037 µmol/L, F2,27 = 0.031, P < 0.05). The plasma level of tryptophan was, on average, 67.30 µmol/L and did not differ between the lines (68.3 vs. 66.3 µmol/L, F2,28 = 0.36, P < 0.05). The HP line had a higher response to infectious bursal disease virus vaccination after 1 wk post-vaccination compared with the control and LP lines. The number of white blood cells (P < 0.0001) and the expression of MHC class I molecules on CD4 (P < 0.02), CD8ß (P < 0.006) and on B cells (P < 0.03) were highest in the LP line compared with the control and HP lines. Selection for or against FP, therefore, changes the number of white blood cells and the expression of MHC class I molecules on T and B cells, which may influence the health status of the birds
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPoultry Science
Vol/bind85
Nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1722-1728
Antal sider7
ISSN0032-5791
StatusUdgivet - 2006

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