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Alterations of Growth and Focal Adhesion Molecules in Human Breast Cancer Cells Exposed to the Random Positioning Machine

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DOI

  • Jayashree Sahana
  • Thomas J Corydon
  • Markus Wehland
  • Marcus Krüger, Otto von Guericke Univ, Otto von Guericke University, Dept Gastroenterol Hepatol & Infect Dis
  • ,
  • Sascha Kopp, Otto von Guericke University
  • ,
  • Daniela Melnik, Otto von Guericke University
  • ,
  • Stefan Kahlert, Otto von Guericke Univ, Otto von Guericke University, Dept Gastroenterol Hepatol & Infect Dis
  • ,
  • Borna Relja, Otto von Guericke Univ, Otto von Guericke University, Dept Gastroenterol Hepatol & Infect Dis
  • ,
  • Manfred Infanger, Otto von Guericke Univ, Otto von Guericke University, Dept Gastroenterol Hepatol & Infect Dis
  • ,
  • Daniela Grimm

In this study, we evaluated changes in focal adhesions (FAs) in two types of breast cancer cell (BCC) lines (differentiated MCF-7 and the triple-negative MDA-MB-231 cell line) exposed to simulated microgravity (s-μg) created by a random positioning machine (RPM) for 24 h. After exposure, the BCC changed their growth behavior and exhibited two phenotypes in RPM samples: one portion of the cells grew as a normal two-dimensional monolayer [adherent (AD) BCC], while the other portion formed three-dimensional (3D) multicellular spheroids (MCS). After 1 h and 30 min (MDA-MB-231) and 1 h 40 min (MCF-7), the MCS adhered completely to the slide flask bottom. After 2 h, MDA-MB-231 MCS cells started to migrate, and after 6 h, a large number of the cells had left the MCS and continued to grow in a scattered pattern, whereas MCF-7 cells were growing as a confluent monolayer after 6 h and 24 h. We investigated the genes associated with the cytoskeleton, the extracellular matrix and FAs. ACTB, TUBB, FN1, FAK1, and PXN gene expression patterns were not significantly changed in MDA-MB-231 cells, but we observed a down-regulation of LAMA3, ITGB1 mRNAs in AD cells and of ITGB1, TLN1 and VCL mRNAs in MDA-MB-231 MCS. RPM-exposed MCF-7 cells revealed a down-regulation in the gene expression of FAK1, PXN, TLN1, VCL and CDH1 in AD cells and PXN, TLN and CDH1 in MCS. An interaction analysis of the examined genes involved in 3D growth and adhesion indicated a central role of fibronectin, vinculin, and E-cadherin. Live cell imaging of eGFP-vinculin in MCF-7 cells confirmed these findings. β-catenin-transfected MCF-7 cells revealed a nuclear expression in 1g and RPM-AD cells. The target genes BCL9, MYC and JUN of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway were differentially expressed in RPM-exposed MCF-7 cells. These findings suggest that vinculin and β-catenin are key mediators of BCC to form MCS during 24 h of RPM-exposure.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer672098
TidsskriftFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Vol/bind9
Antal sider17
ISSN2296-634X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2021

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2021 Sahana, Corydon, Wehland, Krüger, Kopp, Melnik, Kahlert, Relja, Infanger and Grimm.

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