Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands. / Wagner, Viktoria; Večeřa, Martin; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja; Pergl, Jan; Lenoir, Jonathan; Svenning, Jens Christian; Pyšek, Petr; Agrillo, Emiliano; Biurrun, Idoia; Campos, Juan Antonio; Ewald, Jörg; Fernández-González, Federico; Jandt, Ute; Rašomavičius, Valerijus; Šilc, Urban; Škvorc, Željko; Vassilev, Kiril; Wohlgemuth, Thomas; Chytrý, Milan.

I: Journal of Vegetation Science, Bind 32, Nr. 2, e13014, 03.2021.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Wagner, V, Večeřa, M, Jiménez-Alfaro, B, Pergl, J, Lenoir, J, Svenning, JC, Pyšek, P, Agrillo, E, Biurrun, I, Campos, JA, Ewald, J, Fernández-González, F, Jandt, U, Rašomavičius, V, Šilc, U, Škvorc, Ž, Vassilev, K, Wohlgemuth, T & Chytrý, M 2021, 'Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands', Journal of Vegetation Science, bind 32, nr. 2, e13014. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.13014

APA

Wagner, V., Večeřa, M., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Pergl, J., Lenoir, J., Svenning, J. C., Pyšek, P., Agrillo, E., Biurrun, I., Campos, J. A., Ewald, J., Fernández-González, F., Jandt, U., Rašomavičius, V., Šilc, U., Škvorc, Ž., Vassilev, K., Wohlgemuth, T., & Chytrý, M. (2021). Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands. Journal of Vegetation Science, 32(2), [e13014]. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.13014

CBE

Wagner V, Večeřa M, Jiménez-Alfaro B, Pergl J, Lenoir J, Svenning JC, Pyšek P, Agrillo E, Biurrun I, Campos JA, Ewald J, Fernández-González F, Jandt U, Rašomavičius V, Šilc U, Škvorc Ž, Vassilev K, Wohlgemuth T, Chytrý M. 2021. Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands. Journal of Vegetation Science. 32(2):Article e13014. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.13014

MLA

Vancouver

Wagner V, Večeřa M, Jiménez-Alfaro B, Pergl J, Lenoir J, Svenning JC o.a. Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands. Journal of Vegetation Science. 2021 mar;32(2). e13014. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.13014

Author

Wagner, Viktoria ; Večeřa, Martin ; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja ; Pergl, Jan ; Lenoir, Jonathan ; Svenning, Jens Christian ; Pyšek, Petr ; Agrillo, Emiliano ; Biurrun, Idoia ; Campos, Juan Antonio ; Ewald, Jörg ; Fernández-González, Federico ; Jandt, Ute ; Rašomavičius, Valerijus ; Šilc, Urban ; Škvorc, Željko ; Vassilev, Kiril ; Wohlgemuth, Thomas ; Chytrý, Milan. / Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands. I: Journal of Vegetation Science. 2021 ; Bind 32, Nr. 2.

Bibtex

@article{9242be8f164146dd82725d86d188caa2,
title = "Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands",
abstract = "Questions: European woodlands harbor at least 386 alien plant species but the factors driving local invasions remain unknown. By using a large vegetation-plot database, we asked how local richness and abundance of alien species vary by regions, elevation, climate, soil properties, human disturbance, and habitat types. Location: Western, central and southern Europe. Methods: We linked consolidated data from the European Vegetation Archive (16,211 plots) to a habitat classification scheme, climate, soil properties and human disturbance variables. In addition, we used 250 km × 250 km regional grid cells to test whether local patterns differ among regions. We used generalized additive models (GAMs) and quantile GAMs to explore how relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers per plot relate to predictors. Random Forest analyses (RFs) were employed to assess the importance of individual predictors that were not multicollinear. Results: Relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers varied across regions and habitat types, with effects being more pronounced at the maximum rather than average responses. Both response variables declined with increasing elevation and distance to the nearest road or railroad and increased with the amount of sealed soil. Maxima in fitted functions matched plots from regional invasion hotspots in northwestern and central Europe. RFs accounted for 39.6% and 20.9% of the total variation in relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers, respectively, with region and habitat being the most important variables. Conclusions: The importance of maximum response quantiles and the prevalence of regional hotspots point to invasion debt in European woodlands. As alien plants expand further, their species richness and abundance in woodlands will be likely driven by the shared effects of the introduction and planting history, differences in the invaded habitat types, and dispersal corridors.",
keywords = "alien plants, biological invasions, Europe, European Vegetation Archive, exotic plants, forest, habitat type, invasibility, neophytes, non-native plants",
author = "Viktoria Wagner and Martin Ve{\v c}e{\v r}a and Borja Jim{\'e}nez-Alfaro and Jan Pergl and Jonathan Lenoir and Svenning, {Jens Christian} and Petr Py{\v s}ek and Emiliano Agrillo and Idoia Biurrun and Campos, {Juan Antonio} and J{\"o}rg Ewald and Federico Fern{\'a}ndez-Gonz{\'a}lez and Ute Jandt and Valerijus Ra{\v s}omavi{\v c}ius and Urban {\v S}ilc and {\v Z}eljko {\v S}kvorc and Kiril Vassilev and Thomas Wohlgemuth and Milan Chytr{\'y}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 International Association for Vegetation Science Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1111/jvs.13014",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
journal = "Journal of Vegetation Science",
issn = "1100-9233",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alien plant invasion hotspots and invasion debt in European woodlands

AU - Wagner, Viktoria

AU - Večeřa, Martin

AU - Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja

AU - Pergl, Jan

AU - Lenoir, Jonathan

AU - Svenning, Jens Christian

AU - Pyšek, Petr

AU - Agrillo, Emiliano

AU - Biurrun, Idoia

AU - Campos, Juan Antonio

AU - Ewald, Jörg

AU - Fernández-González, Federico

AU - Jandt, Ute

AU - Rašomavičius, Valerijus

AU - Šilc, Urban

AU - Škvorc, Željko

AU - Vassilev, Kiril

AU - Wohlgemuth, Thomas

AU - Chytrý, Milan

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 International Association for Vegetation Science Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - Questions: European woodlands harbor at least 386 alien plant species but the factors driving local invasions remain unknown. By using a large vegetation-plot database, we asked how local richness and abundance of alien species vary by regions, elevation, climate, soil properties, human disturbance, and habitat types. Location: Western, central and southern Europe. Methods: We linked consolidated data from the European Vegetation Archive (16,211 plots) to a habitat classification scheme, climate, soil properties and human disturbance variables. In addition, we used 250 km × 250 km regional grid cells to test whether local patterns differ among regions. We used generalized additive models (GAMs) and quantile GAMs to explore how relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers per plot relate to predictors. Random Forest analyses (RFs) were employed to assess the importance of individual predictors that were not multicollinear. Results: Relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers varied across regions and habitat types, with effects being more pronounced at the maximum rather than average responses. Both response variables declined with increasing elevation and distance to the nearest road or railroad and increased with the amount of sealed soil. Maxima in fitted functions matched plots from regional invasion hotspots in northwestern and central Europe. RFs accounted for 39.6% and 20.9% of the total variation in relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers, respectively, with region and habitat being the most important variables. Conclusions: The importance of maximum response quantiles and the prevalence of regional hotspots point to invasion debt in European woodlands. As alien plants expand further, their species richness and abundance in woodlands will be likely driven by the shared effects of the introduction and planting history, differences in the invaded habitat types, and dispersal corridors.

AB - Questions: European woodlands harbor at least 386 alien plant species but the factors driving local invasions remain unknown. By using a large vegetation-plot database, we asked how local richness and abundance of alien species vary by regions, elevation, climate, soil properties, human disturbance, and habitat types. Location: Western, central and southern Europe. Methods: We linked consolidated data from the European Vegetation Archive (16,211 plots) to a habitat classification scheme, climate, soil properties and human disturbance variables. In addition, we used 250 km × 250 km regional grid cells to test whether local patterns differ among regions. We used generalized additive models (GAMs) and quantile GAMs to explore how relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers per plot relate to predictors. Random Forest analyses (RFs) were employed to assess the importance of individual predictors that were not multicollinear. Results: Relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers varied across regions and habitat types, with effects being more pronounced at the maximum rather than average responses. Both response variables declined with increasing elevation and distance to the nearest road or railroad and increased with the amount of sealed soil. Maxima in fitted functions matched plots from regional invasion hotspots in northwestern and central Europe. RFs accounted for 39.6% and 20.9% of the total variation in relative alien species richness and the sum of alien species covers, respectively, with region and habitat being the most important variables. Conclusions: The importance of maximum response quantiles and the prevalence of regional hotspots point to invasion debt in European woodlands. As alien plants expand further, their species richness and abundance in woodlands will be likely driven by the shared effects of the introduction and planting history, differences in the invaded habitat types, and dispersal corridors.

KW - alien plants

KW - biological invasions

KW - Europe

KW - European Vegetation Archive

KW - exotic plants

KW - forest

KW - habitat type

KW - invasibility

KW - neophytes

KW - non-native plants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85105046558&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jvs.13014

DO - 10.1111/jvs.13014

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85105046558

VL - 32

JO - Journal of Vegetation Science

JF - Journal of Vegetation Science

SN - 1100-9233

IS - 2

M1 - e13014

ER -