Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportBogForskning

Explores the history and doctrines of Traditionalism, a movement established by René Guénon in the 1920s, and later developed further by Julius Evola (in politics), Frithjof Schuon (in religion), and Mircea Eliade (in academia). Traditionalism sees modernity as terminal decline from traditional metaphysical truth, and attempts to remedy this at both a personal and societal level. All responses depend on the recovery of lost tradition, notably of the "perennial philosophy." Personal responses are generally religious, and Sufism (mystical Islam) was the most important of these, followed by Freemasonry. Societal responses range from Eliade's scholarly investigation of archaic religion to Evola's ultra fascism, by 2000 a major stream in far-right thought. The book examines the origins of Traditionalism in the Renaissance, and then traces the development of the groups and movements that resulted, as well as modification in doctrine. The final chapter looks at Traditionalism's possible influence in the future, and asks why so many intellectuals found this anti-modernist movement so attractive.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
UdgivelsesstedNew York
ForlagOxford University Press
Antal sider384
ISBN (Trykt)0-19-515297-2
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2004
Eksternt udgivetJa

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