Aerobic and anaerobic cellulase production by Cellulomonas uda

Henrik Vestergaard Poulsen, Fillip Wolfgang Willink, Kjeld Ingvorsen

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Abstract

Cellulomonas uda (DSM 20108/ATCC 21399) is one of the few described cellulolytic facultative anaerobes. Based on these characteristics, we initiated a physiological study of C. uda with the aim to exploit it for cellulase production in simple bioreactors with no or sporadic aeration. Growth, cellulase activity and fermentation product formation were evaluated in different media under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and in experiments where C. uda was exposed to alternating aerobic/anaerobic growth conditions. Here we show that C. uda behaves as a true facultative anaerobe when cultivated on soluble substrates such as glucose and cellobiose, but for reasons unknown cellulase activity is only induced under aerobic conditions on insoluble cellulosic substrates and not under anaerobic conditions. These findings enhance knowledge on the limited number of described facultative cellulolytic anaerobes, and in addition it greatly limits the utility of C. uda as an ‘easy to handle’ cellulase producer with low aeration demands.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftArchives of Microbiology
Vol/bind198
Nummer8
Sider (fra-til)725-735
Antal sider11
ISSN0302-8933
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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