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Active Power Sharing and Frequency Recovery Control in an Islanded Microgrid with Nonlinear load and Non-Dispatchable DG

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This paper discusses the effect of nonlinear loads of some equipment on the islanded microgrids. The nonlinear load with active and reactive power is considered, which highly threatens the stability of the microgrids. Moreover, a wind turbine, which is a nondispatchable distributed generation (DG), is included as a power fluctuation source in the microgrid. The maximum power point tracking is integrated to ensure that the wind turbine generator operates at its maximum power level. In order to enable efficient power sharing among DG units, active power-frequency droop control is adopted for a microgrid with three DG units. In particular, a single input interval type-2 fuzzy integral (SI-IT2-FI) controller is implemented for the self-frequency recovery control of the microgrid to restore the frequency deviation within the desired range from its nominal value. In this way, by varying an adjustable design parameter which shapes the footprint of uncertainty, the SI-IT2-FI controller with different control surfaces generation is developed. In order to ascertain the efficiency of the SI-IT2-FI controller, the output responses in the absence and presence of wind turbine are compared with the P-f droop control. Total harmonic distortion is adopted as the harmonic metric to investigate the impact of the nonlinear loads at the test microgrid. Finally, in order to ascertain the feasibility and applicability of the proposed technique, a software-in-the-loop real-time simulation using dSPACE 1202 board is carried out. The simulation outcomes of the islanded microgrid confirm the efficiency of the proposed scheme.

TidsskriftIEEE Systems Journal
Sider (fra-til)1058-1068
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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