Accelerated physical ageing of poly(1,4-cyclohexylenedimethylene-co-2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol terephthalate)

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Successfully evaluating plastic lifetime requires understanding of the relationships between polymer dynamics and mechanical performance as a function of thermal ageing. The relatively high T-g (T-g = 110 degrees C) of poly(1,4-cyclohexylenedimethylene-co-2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol terephthalate) (PCTT) renders it useful as a substituent for PET in higher temperature applications. This work links thermal ageing and mechanical performance of a commercial PCTT plastic after exposure to 40-80 degrees C for up to 2950 h. No chemical or conformational changes were found while pronounced physical ageing, measured as enthalpic relaxation, caused yield hardening (28% increase in yield strength) and embrittlement (80% decrease in toughness). Enthalpic relaxation increased with temperature and time to 3.8 J g(-1) and correlated to the determined toughness and yield strength. Finally, a 9% increase in Young's modulus was observed independent of temperature and with no correlation to enthalpic relaxation. Enthalpic relaxation followed Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann behaviour, while yield strength and charpy v-notch toughness followed Arrhenius behaviour enabling prediction of the different properties with time and temperature.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRSC Advances
Vol/bind9
Nummer25
Sider (fra-til)14209-14219
Antal sider11
ISSN2046-2069
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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