Accelerated increase in plant species richness on mountain summits is linked to warming

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  • Manuel J. Steinbauer
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  • John-Arvid Grytnes, Univ Bergen, University of Bergen, Dept Biol Sci
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  • Gerald Jurasinski, Univ Rostock, Justus Liebig University Giessen, University of Rostock, Fac Agr & Environm Landscape Ecol & Site Evaluat
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  • Aino Kulonen, WSL Inst Snow & Avalanche Res SLF, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow & Landscape Research
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  • Jonathan Lenoir, Univ Picardie Jules Verne, University of Picardie-Jules-Verne, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), CNRS, UMR EDYSAN 7058
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  • Harald Pauli, Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci BOKUgWN, GLORIA Coordinat, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil
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  • Christian Rixen, WSL Inst Snow & Avalanche Res SLF, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow & Landscape Research
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  • Manuela Winkler, Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci BOKUgWN, GLORIA Coordinat, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil
  • ,
  • Manfred Bardy-Durchhalter, Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci BOKUgWN, GLORIA Coordinat, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil
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  • Elena Barni, Univ Torino, University of Turin, Dept Life Sci & Syst Biol
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  • Anne D. Bjorkman
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  • Frank T. Breiner, Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow & Landscape Research
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  • Sarah Burg, WSL Inst Snow & Avalanche Res SLF, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow & Landscape Research
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  • Patryk Czortek, Univ Warsaw, University of Warsaw, Bialowiez Geobotan Stn, Fac Biol
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  • Melissa A. Dawes, Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow & Landscape Research
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  • Anna Delimat, Polish Acad Sci, Polish Academy of Sciences, W Szafer Inst Bot
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  • Stefan Dullinger, Univ Vienna, University of Vienna, Dept Bot & Biodivers Res
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  • Brigitta Erschbamer, Univ Innsbruck, University of Innsbruck, Dept Bot
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  • Vivian A. Felde, Univ Bergen, University of Bergen, Dept Biol Sci
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  • Olatz Fernandez-Arberas, CSIC, CSIC - Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia (IPE), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), IPE
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  • Kjetil F. Fossheim, Univ Bergen, University of Bergen, Dept Biol Sci
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  • Daniel Gomez-Garcia, CSIC, CSIC - Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia (IPE), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), IPE
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  • Damien Georges
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  • Erlend T. Grindrud, Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management
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  • Sylvia Haider, Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden
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  • Siri V. Haugum, Univ Bergen, University of Bergen, Dept Biol Sci
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  • Hanne Henriksen, Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management
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  • Maria J. Herreros, CSIC, CSIC - Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia (IPE), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), IPE
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  • Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Univ Warsaw, University of Warsaw, Bialowiez Geobotan Stn, Fac Biol
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  • Francesca Jaroszynska, Univ Aberdeen, University of Aberdeen, Sch Biol Sci
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  • Robert Kanka, Slovak Acad Sci, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Inst Landscape Ecol
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  • Jutta Kapfer, Norwegian Inst Bioecon Res, Dept Landscape Monitoring
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  • Kari Klanderud, Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management
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  • Ingolf Kuhn, UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research (UFZ), Helmholtz Association, Dept Community Ecol
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  • Andrea Lamprecht, Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci BOKUgWN, GLORIA Coordinat, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil
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  • Magali Matteodo, Univ Lausanne, University of Lausanne, Inst Earth Surface Dynam, Geopolis
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  • Umberto Morra di Cella, Environm Protect Agcy Aosta Valley
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  • Signe Normand
  • Arvid Odland, Univ Coll Southeast Norway, University College of Southeast Norway, Dept Nat Sci & Environm Hlth
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  • Siri L. Olsen, Norwegian Inst Nat Res
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  • Sara Palacio, CSIC, CSIC - Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia (IPE), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), IPE
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  • Martina Petey, Environm Protect Agcy Aosta Valley
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  • Veronika Piscova, Slovak Acad Sci, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Inst Landscape Ecol
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  • Blazena Sedlakova, Adm Tatra Natl Pk
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  • Klaus Steinbauer, Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci BOKUgWN, GLORIA Coordinat, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil
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  • Veronika Stockli, Bergwelten 21 AG
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  • Jens-Christian Svenning
  • Guido Teppa, Univ Torino, University of Turin, Dept Life Sci & Syst Biol
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  • Jean-Paul Theurillat, Univ Geneva, University of Geneva, Biol Sect
  • ,
  • Pascal Vittoz, Univ Lausanne, University of Lausanne, Inst Earth Surface Dynam, Geopolis

Globally accelerating trends in societal development and human environmental impacts since the mid-twentieth century(1-7) are known as the Great Acceleration and have been discussed as a key indicator of the onset of the Anthropocene epoch(6). While reports on ecological responses (for example, changes in species range or local extinctions) to the Great Acceleration are multiplying(8,9), it is unknown whether such biotic responses are undergoing a similar acceleration over time. This knowledge gap stems from the limited availability of time series data on biodiversity changes across large temporal and geographical extents. Here we use a dataset of repeated plant surveys from 302 mountain summits across Europe, spanning 145 years of observation, to assess the temporal trajectory of mountain biodiversity changes as a globally coherent imprint of the Anthropocene. We find a continent-wide acceleration in the rate of increase in plant species richness, with five times as much species enrichment between 2007 and 2016 as fifty years ago, between 1957 and 1966. This acceleration is strikingly synchronized with accelerated global warming and is not linked to alternative global change drivers. The accelerating increases in species richness on mountain summits across this broad spatial extent demonstrate that acceleration in climate-induced biotic change is occurring even in remote places on Earth, with potentially far-ranging consequences not only for biodiversity, but also for ecosystem functioning and services.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNature
Vol/bind556
Nummer7700
Sider (fra-til)231-234
Antal sider16
ISSN0028-0836
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 12 apr. 2018

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