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A Two-Layered Targeting Mechanism Underlies Nuclear RNA Sorting by the Human Exosome

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Degradation of transcripts in human nuclei is primarily facilitated by the RNA exosome. To obtain substrate specificity, the exosome is aided by adaptors; in the nucleoplasm, those adaptors are the nuclear exosome-targeting (NEXT) complex and the poly(A) (pA) exosome-targeting (PAXT) connection. How these adaptors guide exosome targeting remains enigmatic. Employing high-resolution 3' end sequencing, we demonstrate that NEXT substrates arise from heterogenous and predominantly pA- 3' ends often covering kilobase-wide genomic regions. In contrast, PAXT targets harbor well-defined pA+ 3' ends defined by canonical pA site use. Irrespective of this clear division, NEXT and PAXT act redundantly in two ways: (1) regional redundancy, where the majority of exosome-targeted transcription units produce NEXT- and PAXT-sensitive RNA isoforms, and (2) isoform redundancy, where the PAXT connection ensures fail-safe decay of post-transcriptionally polyadenylated NEXT targets. In conjunction, this provides a two-layered targeting mechanism for efficient nuclear sorting of the human transcriptome.

TidsskriftCell Reports
Sider (fra-til)2387-2401
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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