A two-component nodule-specific enhancer in the soybean N23 gene promoter

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  • J E Jørgensen, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • J Stougaard
  • K A Marcker

The two positive cis elements in the soybean nodulin N23 gene promoter were investigated in transgenic Lotus corniculatus plants and shown to constitute a two-component nodule-specific enhancer. Equal quantitative contributions from the two components were suggested by the similar expression level of chimeric N23-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase genes after deletion of either the distal positive element (PE-A, -320 to -298) or the proximal positive element (PE-B, -257 to -165). A combined effect of the two elements was indicated by orientation-dependent effects in the N23 promoter, and by the observation that neither PE-A nor PE-B separately was able to confer any activity to the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S minimal promoter. Reactivation of the minimal N23 and the minimal cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoters by the inverted complete element (PE-AB) further suggested that PE-AB is a nodule-specific enhancer containing two equally strong enhancer components. Two 12-bp sequence motifs, InvA and InvB, constituting an inverted repeat, were identified as the core of the enhancer components PE-A and PE-B, respectively. Point mutations in InvA or InvB resulted in lower expression levels and mutations in both abolished enhancer activity. Point mutations in two nodulin consensus sequences, 5'-CTCTT and 5'-AAAGAT located downstream of PE-AB, resulted in a decreased level of expression, confirming the involvement of these two motifs in nodulin gene expression. The binding site for the nodule-specific trans-acting factor, NAT2, present in the PE-A segment, was removed without affecting expression significantly. This interaction is, therefore, dispensable for enhancer activity.

TidsskriftPlant Cell
Sider (fra-til)819-27
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - aug. 1991

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