A systematic survey of regional multi-taxon biodiversity: evaluating strategies and coverage

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A systematic survey of regional multi-taxon biodiversity : evaluating strategies and coverage. / Brunbjerg, Ane Kirstine; Bruun, Hans Henrik; Brøndum, Lars; Classen, Aimée T.; Dalby, Lars; Fog, Kåre; Frøslev, Tobias Guldberg; Goldberg, Irina; Hansen, Anders Johannes; Hansen, Morten DD; Høye, Toke Thomas; Illum, Anders Alexander; Læssøe, Thomas; Newman, Greg; Skipper, Lars; Søchting, Ulrik; Ejrnæs, Rasmus.

I: BMC Ecology, Bind 19, 43, 10.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Brunbjerg, AK, Bruun, HH, Brøndum, L, Classen, AT, Dalby, L, Fog, K, Frøslev, TG, Goldberg, I, Hansen, AJ, Hansen, MDD, Høye, TT, Illum, AA, Læssøe, T, Newman, G, Skipper, L, Søchting, U & Ejrnæs, R 2019, 'A systematic survey of regional multi-taxon biodiversity: evaluating strategies and coverage', BMC Ecology, bind 19, 43. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12898-019-0260-x

APA

CBE

Brunbjerg AK, Bruun HH, Brøndum L, Classen AT, Dalby L, Fog K, Frøslev TG, Goldberg I, Hansen AJ, Hansen MDD, Høye TT, Illum AA, Læssøe T, Newman G, Skipper L, Søchting U, Ejrnæs R. 2019. A systematic survey of regional multi-taxon biodiversity: evaluating strategies and coverage. BMC Ecology. 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12898-019-0260-x

MLA

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Author

Brunbjerg, Ane Kirstine ; Bruun, Hans Henrik ; Brøndum, Lars ; Classen, Aimée T. ; Dalby, Lars ; Fog, Kåre ; Frøslev, Tobias Guldberg ; Goldberg, Irina ; Hansen, Anders Johannes ; Hansen, Morten DD ; Høye, Toke Thomas ; Illum, Anders Alexander ; Læssøe, Thomas ; Newman, Greg ; Skipper, Lars ; Søchting, Ulrik ; Ejrnæs, Rasmus. / A systematic survey of regional multi-taxon biodiversity : evaluating strategies and coverage. I: BMC Ecology. 2019 ; Bind 19.

Bibtex

@article{38f0c45669dc4b60b1ccf8c169917559,
title = "A systematic survey of regional multi-taxon biodiversity: evaluating strategies and coverage",
abstract = "Background: In light of the biodiversity crisis and our limited ability to explain variation in biodiversity, tools to quantify spatial and temporal variation in biodiversity and its underlying drivers are critically needed. Inspired by the recently published ecospace framework, we developed and tested a sampling design for environmental and biotic mapping. We selected 130 study sites (40 × 40 m) across Denmark using stratified random sampling along the major environmental gradients underlying biotic variation. Using standardized methods, we collected site species data on vascular plants, bryophytes, macrofungi, lichens, gastropods and arthropods. To evaluate sampling efficiency, we calculated regional coverage (relative to the known species number per taxonomic group), and site scale coverage (i.e., sample completeness per taxonomic group at each site). To extend taxonomic coverage to organisms that are difficult to sample by classical inventories (e.g., nematodes and non-fruiting fungi), we collected soil for metabarcoding. Finally, to assess site conditions, we mapped abiotic conditions, biotic resources and habitat continuity. Results: Despite the 130 study sites only covering a minute fraction (0.0005{\%}) of the total Danish terrestrial area, we found 1774 species of macrofungi (54{\%} of the Danish fungal species pool), 663 vascular plant species (42{\%}), 254 bryophyte species (41{\%}) and 200 lichen species (19{\%}). For arthropods, we observed 330 spider species (58{\%}), 123 carabid beetle species (37{\%}) and 99 hoverfly species (33{\%}). Overall, sample coverage was remarkably high across taxonomic groups and sufficient to capture substantial spatial variation in biodiversity across Denmark. This inventory is nationally unprecedented in detail and resulted in the discovery of 143 species with no previous record for Denmark. Comparison between plant OTUs detected in soil DNA and observed plant species confirmed the usefulness of carefully curated environmental DNA-data. Correlations among species richness for taxonomic groups were predominantly positive, but did not correlate well among all taxa suggesting differential and complex biotic responses to environmental variation. Conclusions: We successfully and adequately sampled a wide range of diverse taxa along key environmental gradients across Denmark using an approach that includes multi-taxon biodiversity assessment and ecospace mapping. Our approach is applicable to assessments of biodiversity in other regions and biomes where species are structured along environmental gradient.",
keywords = "Abiotic gradients, Biotic factors, Continuity, Denmark, Disturbance, Moisture, Productivity, eDNA, RICHNESS, ENVIRONMENTAL DNA, DIVERSITY, Biodiversity, Fungi, Ecosystem, Surveys and Questionnaires",
author = "Brunbjerg, {Ane Kirstine} and Bruun, {Hans Henrik} and Lars Br{\o}ndum and Classen, {Aim{\'e}e T.} and Lars Dalby and K{\aa}re Fog and Fr{\o}slev, {Tobias Guldberg} and Irina Goldberg and Hansen, {Anders Johannes} and Hansen, {Morten DD} and H{\o}ye, {Toke Thomas} and Illum, {Anders Alexander} and Thomas L{\ae}ss{\o}e and Greg Newman and Lars Skipper and Ulrik S{\o}chting and Rasmus Ejrn{\ae}s",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1186/s12898-019-0260-x",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "B M C Ecology",
issn = "1472-6785",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A systematic survey of regional multi-taxon biodiversity

T2 - evaluating strategies and coverage

AU - Brunbjerg, Ane Kirstine

AU - Bruun, Hans Henrik

AU - Brøndum, Lars

AU - Classen, Aimée T.

AU - Dalby, Lars

AU - Fog, Kåre

AU - Frøslev, Tobias Guldberg

AU - Goldberg, Irina

AU - Hansen, Anders Johannes

AU - Hansen, Morten DD

AU - Høye, Toke Thomas

AU - Illum, Anders Alexander

AU - Læssøe, Thomas

AU - Newman, Greg

AU - Skipper, Lars

AU - Søchting, Ulrik

AU - Ejrnæs, Rasmus

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Background: In light of the biodiversity crisis and our limited ability to explain variation in biodiversity, tools to quantify spatial and temporal variation in biodiversity and its underlying drivers are critically needed. Inspired by the recently published ecospace framework, we developed and tested a sampling design for environmental and biotic mapping. We selected 130 study sites (40 × 40 m) across Denmark using stratified random sampling along the major environmental gradients underlying biotic variation. Using standardized methods, we collected site species data on vascular plants, bryophytes, macrofungi, lichens, gastropods and arthropods. To evaluate sampling efficiency, we calculated regional coverage (relative to the known species number per taxonomic group), and site scale coverage (i.e., sample completeness per taxonomic group at each site). To extend taxonomic coverage to organisms that are difficult to sample by classical inventories (e.g., nematodes and non-fruiting fungi), we collected soil for metabarcoding. Finally, to assess site conditions, we mapped abiotic conditions, biotic resources and habitat continuity. Results: Despite the 130 study sites only covering a minute fraction (0.0005%) of the total Danish terrestrial area, we found 1774 species of macrofungi (54% of the Danish fungal species pool), 663 vascular plant species (42%), 254 bryophyte species (41%) and 200 lichen species (19%). For arthropods, we observed 330 spider species (58%), 123 carabid beetle species (37%) and 99 hoverfly species (33%). Overall, sample coverage was remarkably high across taxonomic groups and sufficient to capture substantial spatial variation in biodiversity across Denmark. This inventory is nationally unprecedented in detail and resulted in the discovery of 143 species with no previous record for Denmark. Comparison between plant OTUs detected in soil DNA and observed plant species confirmed the usefulness of carefully curated environmental DNA-data. Correlations among species richness for taxonomic groups were predominantly positive, but did not correlate well among all taxa suggesting differential and complex biotic responses to environmental variation. Conclusions: We successfully and adequately sampled a wide range of diverse taxa along key environmental gradients across Denmark using an approach that includes multi-taxon biodiversity assessment and ecospace mapping. Our approach is applicable to assessments of biodiversity in other regions and biomes where species are structured along environmental gradient.

AB - Background: In light of the biodiversity crisis and our limited ability to explain variation in biodiversity, tools to quantify spatial and temporal variation in biodiversity and its underlying drivers are critically needed. Inspired by the recently published ecospace framework, we developed and tested a sampling design for environmental and biotic mapping. We selected 130 study sites (40 × 40 m) across Denmark using stratified random sampling along the major environmental gradients underlying biotic variation. Using standardized methods, we collected site species data on vascular plants, bryophytes, macrofungi, lichens, gastropods and arthropods. To evaluate sampling efficiency, we calculated regional coverage (relative to the known species number per taxonomic group), and site scale coverage (i.e., sample completeness per taxonomic group at each site). To extend taxonomic coverage to organisms that are difficult to sample by classical inventories (e.g., nematodes and non-fruiting fungi), we collected soil for metabarcoding. Finally, to assess site conditions, we mapped abiotic conditions, biotic resources and habitat continuity. Results: Despite the 130 study sites only covering a minute fraction (0.0005%) of the total Danish terrestrial area, we found 1774 species of macrofungi (54% of the Danish fungal species pool), 663 vascular plant species (42%), 254 bryophyte species (41%) and 200 lichen species (19%). For arthropods, we observed 330 spider species (58%), 123 carabid beetle species (37%) and 99 hoverfly species (33%). Overall, sample coverage was remarkably high across taxonomic groups and sufficient to capture substantial spatial variation in biodiversity across Denmark. This inventory is nationally unprecedented in detail and resulted in the discovery of 143 species with no previous record for Denmark. Comparison between plant OTUs detected in soil DNA and observed plant species confirmed the usefulness of carefully curated environmental DNA-data. Correlations among species richness for taxonomic groups were predominantly positive, but did not correlate well among all taxa suggesting differential and complex biotic responses to environmental variation. Conclusions: We successfully and adequately sampled a wide range of diverse taxa along key environmental gradients across Denmark using an approach that includes multi-taxon biodiversity assessment and ecospace mapping. Our approach is applicable to assessments of biodiversity in other regions and biomes where species are structured along environmental gradient.

KW - Abiotic gradients

KW - Biotic factors

KW - Continuity

KW - Denmark

KW - Disturbance

KW - Moisture

KW - Productivity

KW - eDNA

KW - RICHNESS

KW - ENVIRONMENTAL DNA

KW - DIVERSITY

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Fungi

KW - Ecosystem

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073476063&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12898-019-0260-x

DO - 10.1186/s12898-019-0260-x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 19

JO - B M C Ecology

JF - B M C Ecology

SN - 1472-6785

M1 - 43

ER -