A substrate specificity-determining unit of three Lin12-Notch repeat modules is formed in trans within the pappalysin-1 dimer and requires a sequence stretch C-terminal to the third module

Kathrin Weyer, Henning B Boldt, Christine B Poulsen, Kasper Kjaer-Sorensen, Claus Gyrup, Claus Oxvig

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    Members of the pappalysin family of metzincin metalloproteinases, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A, pappalysin-1) and PAPP-A2 (pappalysin-2), regulate the bioavailability of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) by specific proteolytic inactivation of IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). PAPP-A cleaves IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5, whereas PAPP-A2 cleaves only IGFBP-5. The pappalysins contain three Lin12-Notch repeat (LNR1-3) modules, previously considered unique to the Notch receptor family in which they function to regulate receptor cleavage. In contrast to the Notch receptor where three LNR modules are tandemly arranged, LNR3 is separated by more than 1000 residues from LNR1-2 in the pappalysin sequence. Each of the three LNR modules of PAPP-A is required for proteolysis of IGFBP-4, but not IGFBP-5. However, we here find that a C-terminal truncated variant of PAPP-A, which lacks LNR3 and therefore activity against IGFBP-4, cleaves IGFBP-4 when co-expressed with a PAPP-A variant, which is mutated in the active site. This suggests that LNR3 from the inactive subunit interacts in trans with LNR1-2 of the truncated PAPP-A subunit to form a functional trimeric LNR unit. We also show that formation of such a functional LNR unit depends on dimerization, as dissociation of a mutated non-covalent PAPP-A dimer results in reduced activity against IGFBP-4, but not IGFBP-5. Using PAPP-A/PAPP-A2 chimeras, we demonstrate that PAPP-A2 LNR1-2, but not LNR3, are functionally conserved with respect to IGFBP proteolysis. Additionally, we find that a sequence stretch C-terminal to LNR3 and single residues (Asp1521, Arg1529, and Asp1530) within this are required for LNR functionality.
    Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Apr-13
    TidsskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Sider (fra-til)10988-99
    Antal sider11
    StatusUdgivet - 2007