A study of the influence of tropospheric subsidence on spring and summer surface ozone concentrations at the JRC Ispra station in northern Italy

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  • Pavlos Kalabokas, Academy of Athens
  • ,
  • Niels Roland Jensen, European Commission - Joint Research Centre
  • ,
  • Mauro Roveri, European Commission - Joint Research Centre
  • ,
  • Jens Hjorth
  • Maxim Eremenko, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA) - UMR 7583
  • ,
  • Juan Cuesta, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA) - UMR 7583
  • ,
  • Gaëlle Dufour, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA) - UMR 7583
  • ,
  • Gilles Foret, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA) - UMR 7583
  • ,
  • Matthias Beekmann, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA) - UMR 7583

The influence of tropospheric ozone on the surface ozone concentrations is investigated at the monitoring station of JRC Ispra, based on 10 years of measurements (2006-2015) of surface ozone data. In situ hourly measurements of ozone and other air pollutants, meteorological parameters, and weekly averaged span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"7/spanBe (as an indicator of upper-tropospheric-stratospheric influence) and span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"210/spanPb measurements (as an indicator of boundary layer influence) have been used for the analysis. In addition, IASI&span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"+/span&GOME-2 and IASI ozone satellite data have also been used. It is observed that frequently span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"7/spanBe and ozone weekly peaks coincide, which might be explained by the impact of deep atmospheric subsidence on surface ozone, particularly during late spring and early summer. Based on this observation, a detailed analysis of selected span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"7/spanBe and ozone episodes occurring during that period of the year has been performed in order to further elucidate the mechanisms of tropospheric influence on the surface pollutant concentrations. For the analysis, composite NOAA/ESRL reanalysis synoptic meteorological charts in the troposphere have been used as well as IASI satellite ozone measurements and NOAA HYSPLIT back trajectories. The JRC station hourly measurements during subsidence episodes show very low values of local pollution parameters (e.g., span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"NOix/i/span, span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"222/spanRn, nephelometer data, span classCombining double low line"inline-formula"PM10/span), close to zero. Conversely, during these periods ozone levels usually reach values around 45-60&ppb during the afternoon hours but also show significantly higher values than the average during the night and morning hours, which is a sign of direct tropospheric influence on the surface ozone concentrations.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Vol/bind20
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1861-1885
Antal sider25
ISSN1680-7316
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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