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A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors

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DOI

  • Silvia Espín, University of Murcia
  • ,
  • Jovan Andevski, Vulture Conservation Foundation
  • ,
  • Guy Duke, Oxford University Centre for the Environment
  • ,
  • Igor Eulaers
  • ,
  • Pilar Gómez-Ramírez, University of Murcia
  • ,
  • Gunnar Thor Hallgrimsson, University of Iceland
  • ,
  • Björn Helander, Swedish Museum of Natural History
  • ,
  • Dorte Herzke, Norwegian Institute for Air Research
  • ,
  • Veerle L.B. Jaspers, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • ,
  • Oliver Krone, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research
  • ,
  • Rui Lourenço, University of Evora
  • ,
  • Pedro María-Mojica, University of Murcia, Santa Faz” Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre
  • ,
  • Emma Martínez-López, University of Murcia
  • ,
  • Rafael Mateo, CSIC
  • ,
  • Paola Movalli, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden University
  • ,
  • Pablo Sánchez-Virosta, University of Murcia
  • ,
  • Richard F. Shore, Lancaster University
  • ,
  • Christian Sonne
  • Nico W. van den Brink, Wageningen University & Research
  • ,
  • Bert van Hattum, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  • ,
  • Al Vrezec, National Institute of Biology Ljubljana, Slovenian Museum of Natural History
  • ,
  • Chris Wernham, University of Stirling
  • ,
  • Antonio J. García-Fernández, University of Murcia

Birds of prey, owls and falcons are widely used as sentinel species in raptor biomonitoring programmes. A major current challenge is to facilitate large-scale biomonitoring by coordinating contaminant monitoring activities and by building capacity across countries. This requires sharing, dissemination and adoption of best practices addressed by the Networking Programme Research and Monitoring for and with Raptors in Europe (EURAPMON) and now being advanced by the ongoing international COST Action European Raptor Biomonitoring Facility. The present perspective introduces a schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors. We provide guidance on sample collection with a view to increasing sampling capacity across countries, ensuring appropriate quality of samples and facilitating harmonization of procedures to maximize the reliability, comparability and interoperability of data. The here presented protocol can be used by professionals and volunteers as a standard guide to ensure harmonised sampling methods for contaminant monitoring in raptors.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAMBIO
Vol/bind50
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)95-100
Antal sider6
ISSN0044-7447
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
European Raptor Biomonitoring Facility COST Action (CA16224) is supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) and funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union. Silvia Esp?n is financially supported by Ministerio de Ciencia , Innovaci?n y Universidades (Juan de la Cierva-Incorporaci?n contract, IJCI-2017-34653).

Funding Information:
European Raptor Biomonitoring Facility COST Action (CA16224) is supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) and funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union. Silvia Espín is financially supported by Ministerio de Ciencia , Innovación y Universidades ( Juan de la Cierva-Incorporación contract, IJCI-2017-34653).

Funding Information:
Because chemicals regulation is harmonised within the European Union, a major current challenge is to improve large-scale (pan-European) biomonitoring. This can be addressed by coordinating Europe-wide contaminant monitoring in raptors and by building capacity across countries. This requires sharing, dissemination and adoption of best practices. This was addressed by the Research Networking Programme Research and Monitoring for and with Raptors in Europe (EURAPMON, 2010–2015), funded by the European Science Foundation ( https://www.eurapmon.net/ ) and is now being further advanced by the ongoing international COST Action, European Raptor Biomonitoring Facility (ERBFacility, CA16224, 2017–2021) ( https://erbfacility.eu/ ). Under ERBFacility, three inter-linked scientific arenas are cooperating, the ‘analysis arena’ on ecotoxicological analyses, the ‘collections arena’ on storing and cataloguing raptor samples, and the ‘field arena’ on gathering additional samples and contextual field data (Duke et al. 2018 ; Movalli et al. 2019 ). This pan-European network of ornithologists, veterinary scientists, raptor ecologists, ecotoxicologists and analytical chemists will enable a new generation of research on environmental biomonitoring using raptors.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Author(s).

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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