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A review on the deteriorating situation of smog and its preventive measures in Pakistan

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewpeer review

  • Waseem Raza, Dalian University of Technology
  • ,
  • Saad Saeed, NFC Institute of Engineering & Technology
  • ,
  • Hammad Saulat, Dalian University of Technology
  • ,
  • Hajera Gul, University of Peshawar
  • ,
  • Muhammad Sarfraz, Dalian University of Technology
  • ,
  • Christian Sonne
  • Z. H. Sohn, Dongeui University
  • ,
  • Richard J.C. Brown, National Physical Laboratory
  • ,
  • Ki Hyun Kim, Hanyang University

Urbanization, industrialization, and increasing fossil fuel consumption are generally identified as the main contributors to poor air quality. Smog is a form of visible air pollution processes that can cause diverse health problems (e.g., pulmonary, respiratory, and skin diseases). In Lahore, the second-largest city of Pakistan, smog pollution has been a significant socioeconomic issue since 2013 of which situation has been worsening each year. In this systematic review, we discuss the major issues concerning smog in Pakistan: the causes, methods of detection, hazardous effects, and opportunities for preventive measures based on ground-level information. This study identifies smog as a potential source of human health risk as serious repercussions of economic development. It is thus suggested that adequate abatement measures should be established for the proper protection of public health.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer123676
TidsskriftJournal of Cleaner Production
Vol/bind279
Antal sider15
ISSN0959-6526
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2021

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