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A Public Health Research Agenda for Managing Infodemics: Methods and Results of the First WHO Infodemiology Conference

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Neville Calleja, Directorate for Health Information & Research Ministry for Health Valetta Malta
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  • AbdelHalim AbdAllah, WHO Regional Office for Africa Brazzaville Congo
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  • Neetu Abad, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta
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  • Naglaa Ahmed, WHO Regional Office for Eastern Mediterranean Cairo Egypt
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  • Dolores Albarracin, Department of Psychology College of Liberal Arts & Sciences University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Champaign
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  • Elena Altieri, Department of Communications World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Julienne N Anoko, WHO Regional Office for Africa Dakar Senegal
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  • Ruben Arcos, Department of Communication Sciences and Sociology Communication Sciences Faculty University Rey Juan Carlos Madrid Spain
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  • Arina Anis Azlan, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Bangi Malaysia
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  • Judit Bayer, Department of Communication Budapest Economics University (BGE) Budapest Hungary
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  • Anja Bechmann
  • Supriya Bezbaruah, WHO Regional Office for South East Asia New Delhi India
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  • Sylvie C Briand, Department of Infectious Hazards Management Emergency Preparedness Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Ian Brooks, Center for Health Informatics School of Information Sciences University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Champaign
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  • Lucie M Bucci, Immunize Canada Canadian Public Health Association Ottawa
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  • Stefano Burzo, Department of Political Science University of British Columbia Vancouver
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  • Christine Czerniak, Department of Infectious Hazards Management Emergency Preparedness Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Manlio De Domenico, CoMuNe Lab Fondazione Bruno Kessler Povo Italy
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  • Adam G Dunn, Biomedical Informatics and Digital Health School of Medical Sciences The University of Sydney Sydney Australia
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  • Ullrich K H Ecker, School of Psychological Science The University of Western Australia Perth Australia
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  • Laura Espinosa, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
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  • Camille Francois, Graphika New York
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  • Kacper Gradon, Department of Security and Crime Science University College London London United Kingdom
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  • Anatoliy Gruzd, Ted Rogers School of Management Ryerson University Toronto
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  • Beste Sultan Gülgün, Department of Paediatric Haematology, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital of the Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey.
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  • Rustam Haydarov, UNICEF Headquarters New York
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  • Cherstyn Hurley, Immunisation and Countermeasures Department Public Health England London United Kingdom
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  • Santi Indra Astuti, The Faculty of Communication Science Bandung Islamic University (UNISBA) Bandung Indonesia
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  • Atsuyoshi Ishizumi, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta
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  • Neil Johnson, Department of Physics George Washington University Washington
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  • Dylan Johnson Restrepo, Department of Physics George Washington University Washington
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  • Masato Kajimoto, Journalism and Media Studies Centre The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong China
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  • Aybüke Koyuncu, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta
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  • Shibani Kulkarni, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta
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  • Jaya Lamichhane, Department of Infectious Hazards Management Emergency Preparedness Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Rosamund Lewis, Emergency Preaparedness Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Avichal Mahajan, Department of Infectious Hazards Management Emergency Preparedness Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Ahmed Mandil, WHO Regional Office for Eastern Mediterranean Cairo Egypt
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  • Erin McAweeney, Graphika New York
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  • Melanie Messer, Faculty I Department of Nursing Science II Trier University Trier Germany
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  • Wesley Moy, Advanced Academic Programs Johns Hopkins University Washington
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  • Patricia Ndumbi Ngamala, Department of Digital Health and Innovation Science Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Tim Nguyen, Department of Infectious Hazards Management Emergency Preparedness Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Mark Nunn, Directorate for Health Information & Research Ministry for Health Valetta Malta
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  • Saad B Omer, Yale Institute for Global Health Yale University New Haven
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  • Claudia Pagliari, Usher Institute Edinburgh Medical School University of Edinburgh Edinburgh United Kingdom
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  • Palak Patel, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta
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  • Lynette Phuong, Department of Infectious Hazards Management Emergency Preparedness Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Dimitri Prybylski, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta
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  • Arash Rashidian, WHO Regional Office for Eastern Mediterranean Cairo Egypt
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  • Emily Rempel, British Columbia Centre for Disease Control Vancouver
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  • Sara Rubinelli, Department of Health Sciences and Medicine University of Lucerne Lucerne Switzerland
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  • PierLuigi Sacco, Department of Humanities Studies Free University of Languages and Communication IULM Milan Italy
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  • Anton Schneider, Office of Infectious Disease Global Health Bureau United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Washington
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  • Kai Shu, Computer Science Department Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago
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  • Melanie Smith, Graphika New York
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  • Harry Sufehmi, Masyarakat Anti Fitnah Indonesia (MAFINDO) Jakarta Indonesia
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  • Viroj Tangcharoensathien, International Health Policy Programme Ministry of Public Health Bangkok Thailand
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  • Robert Terry, Science Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Naveen Thacker, Deep Children Hospital and Research Centre Gandhidham India
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  • Tom Trewinnard, Fathm London United Kingdom
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  • Shannon Turner, Public Health Association of British Columbia Victoria
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  • Heidi Tworek, Department of History University of British Columbia Vancouver
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  • Saad Uakkas, Faculty of Medicine Mohamed V University in Rabat Rabat Morocco
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  • Emily Vraga, Hubbard School of Journalism and Mass Communication University of Minnesota Minneapolis
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  • Claire Wardle, First Draft News New York
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  • Herman Wasserman, Centre for Film and Media Studies University of Cape Town Cape Town South Africa
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  • Elisabeth Wilhelm, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta
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  • Andrea Würz, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
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  • Brian Yau, Department of Regulation and Prequalification Access to Medicines and Health Products Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
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  • Lei Zhou, Public Health Emergency Center Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention Beijing China
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  • Tina D Purnat, Department of Digital Health and Innovation Science Division World Health Organization Geneva Switzerland

Background: An infodemic is an overflow of information of varying quality that surges across digital and physical environments during an acute public health event. It leads to confusion, risk-taking, and behaviors that can harm health and lead to erosion of trust in health authorities and public health responses. Owing to the global scale and high stakes of the health emergency, responding to the infodemic related to the pandemic is particularly urgent. Building on diverse research disciplines and expanding the discipline of infodemiology, more evidence-based interventions are needed to design infodemic management interventions and tools and implement them by health emergency responders.

Objective: The World Health Organization organized the first global infodemiology conference, entirely online, during June and July 2020, with a follow-up process from August to October 2020, to review current multidisciplinary evidence, interventions, and practices that can be applied to the COVID-19 infodemic response. This resulted in the creation of a public health research agenda for managing infodemics.

Methods: As part of the conference, a structured expert judgment synthesis method was used to formulate a public health research agenda. A total of 110 participants represented diverse scientific disciplines from over 35 countries and global public health implementing partners. The conference used a laddered discussion sprint methodology by rotating participant teams, and a managed follow-up process was used to assemble a research agenda based on the discussion and structured expert feedback. This resulted in a five-workstream frame of the research agenda for infodemic management and 166 suggested research questions. The participants then ranked the questions for feasibility and expected public health impact. The expert consensus was summarized in a public health research agenda that included a list of priority research questions.

Results: The public health research agenda for infodemic management has five workstreams: (1) measuring and continuously monitoring the impact of infodemics during health emergencies; (2) detecting signals and understanding the spread and risk of infodemics; (3) responding and deploying interventions that mitigate and protect against infodemics and their harmful effects; (4) evaluating infodemic interventions and strengthening the resilience of individuals and communities to infodemics; and (5) promoting the development, adaptation, and application of interventions and toolkits for infodemic management. Each workstream identifies research questions and highlights 49 high priority research questions.

Conclusions: Public health authorities need to develop, validate, implement, and adapt tools and interventions for managing infodemics in acute public health events in ways that are appropriate for their countries and contexts. Infodemiology provides a scientific foundation to make this possible. This research agenda proposes a structured framework for targeted investment for the scientific community, policy makers, implementing organizations, and other stakeholders to consider.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJMIR Infodemiology
Vol/bind1
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)e30979
ISSN2564-1891
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2021

Bibliografisk note

©Neville Calleja, AbdelHalim AbdAllah, Neetu Abad, Naglaa Ahmed, Dolores Albarracin, Elena Altieri, Julienne N Anoko, Ruben Arcos, Arina Anis Azlan, Judit Bayer, Anja Bechmann, Supriya Bezbaruah, Sylvie C Briand, Ian Brooks, Lucie M Bucci, Stefano Burzo, Christine Czerniak, Manlio De Domenico, Adam G Dunn, Ullrich K H Ecker, Laura Espinosa, Camille Francois, Kacper Gradon, Anatoliy Gruzd, Beste Sultan Gülgün, Rustam Haydarov, Cherstyn Hurley, Santi Indra Astuti, Atsuyoshi Ishizumi, Neil Johnson, Dylan Johnson Restrepo, Masato Kajimoto, Aybüke Koyuncu, Shibani Kulkarni, Jaya Lamichhane, Rosamund Lewis, Avichal Mahajan, Ahmed Mandil, Erin McAweeney, Melanie Messer, Wesley Moy, Patricia Ndumbi Ngamala, Tim Nguyen, Mark Nunn, Saad B Omer, Claudia Pagliari, Palak Patel, Lynette Phuong, Dimitri Prybylski, Arash Rashidian, Emily Rempel, Sara Rubinelli, PierLuigi Sacco, Anton Schneider, Kai Shu, Melanie Smith, Harry Sufehmi, Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Robert Terry, Naveen Thacker, Tom Trewinnard, Shannon Turner, Heidi Tworek, Saad Uakkas, Emily Vraga, Claire Wardle, Herman Wasserman, Elisabeth Wilhelm, Andrea Würz, Brian Yau, Lei Zhou, Tina D Purnat. Originally published in JMIR Infodemiology (https://infodemiology.jmir.org), 15.09.2021.

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