A multiscale denoising framework using detection theory with application to images from CMOS/CCD sensors

Khuram Naveed*, Shoaib Ehsan, Klaus D. McDonald-Maier, Naveed Ur Rehman

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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    Abstract

    Output from imaging sensors based on CMOS and CCD devices is prone to noise due to inherent electronic fluctuations and low photon count. The resulting noise in the acquired image could be effectively modelled as signal-dependent Poisson noise or as a mixture of Poisson and Gaussian noise. To that end, we propose a generalized framework based on detection theory and hypothesis testing coupled with the variance stability transformation (VST) for Poisson or Poisson–Gaussian denoising. VST transforms signal-dependent Poisson noise to a signal independent Gaussian noise with stable variance. Subsequently, multiscale transforms are employed on the noisy image to segregate signal and noise into separate coefficients. That facilitates the application of local binary hypothesis testing on multiple scales using empirical distribution function (EDF) for the purpose of detection and removal of noise. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework with different multiscale transforms and on a wide variety of input datasets.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Artikelnummer206
    TidsskriftSensors (Switzerland)
    Vol/bind19
    Nummer1
    ISSN1424-8220
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2019

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