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A long-term study on structural changes in calcium aluminate silicate hydrates

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  • Sonya Barzgar, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne
  • ,
  • Yiru Yan, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa)
  • ,
  • Mohamed Tarik, Paul Scherrer Institute
  • ,
  • Jorgen Skibsted
  • Christian Ludwig, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa), Paul Scherrer Institute
  • ,
  • Barbara Lothenbach, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa), Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Production of blended cements in which Portland cement is combined with supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) is an effective strategy for reducing the CO2 emissions during cement manufacturing and achieving sustainable concrete production. However, the high Al2O3 and SiO2 contents of SCM change the chemical composition of the main hydration product, calcium aluminate silicate hydrate (C–A–S–H). Herein, spectroscopic and structural data for C–A–S–H gels are reported in a large range of equilibration times from 3 months up to 2 years and Al/Si molar ratios from 0.001 to 0.2. The 27Al MAS NMR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis indicate that in addition to the C–A–S–H phase, secondary phases such as strätlingite, katoite, Al(OH)3 and calcium aluminate hydrate are present at Al/Si ≥ 0.03 limiting the uptake of Al in C–A–S–H. More secondary phases are present at higher Al concentrations; their content decreases with equilibration time while more Al is taken up in the C–A–S–H phase. At low Al contents, Al concentrations decrease strongly with time indicating a slow equilibration, in contrast to high Al contents where a clear change in Al concentrations over time was not observed indicating that the equilibrium has been reached faster. The 27Al NMR studies show that tetrahedrally coordinated Al is incorporated in C–A–S–H and its amount increases with the amount of Al present in the solution.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer243
TidsskriftMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Vol/bind55
Nummer10
Antal sider22
ISSN1359-5997
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2022

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