A joint ERS/ATS policy statement: what constitutes an adverse health effect of air pollution? An analytical framework

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DOI

  • George D. Thurston, New York Univ, New York University, Sch Med, Dept Populat Hlth
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  • Howard Kipen, Rutgers State Univ, Rutgers State University New Brunswick, Sch Publ Hlth, Environm & Occupat Hlth Sci Inst
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  • Isabella Annesi-Maesano, UPMC Univ Paris 06, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale (Inserm), Pierre & Marie Curie University - Paris VI, Sorbonne Universite, Sorbonne Univ,Epidemiol Allerg & Resp Dis Dept EP, St Antoine Med Sch,INSERM, Pierre Louis Inst Epidemiol & Publ Hlth IPLESP UM
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  • John Balmes, Univ Calif Berkeley, University of California Berkeley, University of California System, Sch Publ Hlth
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  • Robert D. Brook, Univ Michigan, University of Michigan System, University of Michigan, Dept Cardiol
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  • Kevin Cromar, New York Univ, New York University, Marron Inst Urban Management
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  • Sara De Matteis, Imperial Coll London, Imperial College London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Occupat Med & Publ Hlth, Resp Epidemiol
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  • Francesco Forastiere, Lazio Reg Hlth Serv, Dept Epidemiol
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  • Bertil Forsberg, Umea Univ, Umea University, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med Occupat & Environm Med
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  • Mark W. Frampton, Univ Rochester, University of Rochester, Dept Environm Med, Pulmonary & Crit Care
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  • Jonathan Grigg, Queen Mary Univ London, Queen Mary University London, University of London, Ctr Genom & Child Hlth
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  • Dick Heederik, Univ Utrecht, University of Utrecht, Inst Risk Assessment Sci
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  • Frank J. Kelly, Kings Coll London, Kings College London, University of London, Natl Inst, Hlth Res Hlth Protect Unit Hlth Impact Environm
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  • Nino Kuenzli, Univ Basel, University of Basel, Dept Phys
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  • Robert Laumbach, Rutgers State Univ, Rutgers State University New Brunswick, Sch Publ Hlth, Environm & Occupat Hlth Sci Inst
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  • Annette Peters, Gesundheit & Umwelt Inst Epidemiol II
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  • Sanjay T. Rajagopalan, Univ Maryland, University System of Maryland, University of Maryland Baltimore, Sch Med
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  • David Rich, Univ Rochester, University of Rochester, Med Ctr, Dept Publ Hlth Sci
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  • Beate Ritz, Univ Rochester, University of Rochester, Med Ctr, Dept Environm Med
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  • Jonathan M. Samet, USC, University of Southern California, Keck Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med
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  • Thomas Sandstrom, Univ Rochester, University of Rochester, Dept Environm Med, Pulmonary & Crit Care
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  • Torben Sigsgaard
  • Jordi Sunyer, Pompeu Fabra Univ, Pompeu Fabra University, CREAL Ctr Res Environm Epidemiol Barcelona
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  • Bert Brunekreef, Univ Utrecht, Utrecht University Medical Center, Utrecht University, Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Julius Ctr Hlth Sci & Primary Care, Inst Risk Assessment Sci

The American Thoracic Society has previously published statements on what constitutes an adverse effect on health of air pollution in 1985 and 2000. We set out to update and broaden these past statements that focused primarily on effects on the respiratory system. Since then, many studies have documented effects of air pollution on other organ systems, such as on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. In addition, many new biomarkers of effects have been developed and applied in air pollution studies.

This current report seeks to integrate the latest science into a general framework for interpreting the adversity of the human health effects of air pollution. Rather than trying to provide a catalogue of what is and what is not an adverse effect of air pollution, we propose a set of considerations that can be applied in forming judgments of the adversity of not only currently documented, but also emerging and future effects of air pollution on human health. These considerations are illustrated by the inclusion of examples for different types of health effects of air pollution.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1600419
BogserieEuropean Respiratory Journal. Supplement
Vol/bind49
Nummer1
Antal sider19
ISSN0903-1936
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2017

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