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A global pangenome for the wheat fungal pathogen Pyrenophora tritici-repentis and prediction of effector protein structural homology

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  • Paula Moolhuijzen, Curtin University of Technology, Australien
  • Pao Theen See, Curtin University of Technology, Australien
  • Gongjun Shi, North Dakota State University, USA
  • Harold R. Powell, Imperial College London, Storbritannien
  • James Cockram, National Institute of Agricultural Botany, Storbritannien
  • Lise Nistrup Jørgensen
  • Hamida Benslimane, Département de Botanique, Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique (ENSA), Algeriet
  • Stephen E. Strelkov, University of Alberta, Canada
  • Judith Turner, Fera Science Ltd., Storbritannien
  • Zhaohui Liu, North Dakota State University, USA
  • Caroline S. Moffat, Curtin University of Technology, Australien

The adaptive potential of plant fungal pathogens is largely governed by the gene content of a species, consisting of core and accessory genes across the pathogen isolate repertoire. To approximate the complete gene repertoire of a globally significant crop fungal pathogen, a pan genomic analysis was undertaken for Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Ptr), the causal agent of tan (or yellow) spot disease in wheat. In this study, 15 new Ptr genomes were sequenced, assembled and annotated, including isolates from three races not previously sequenced. Together with 11 previously published Ptr genomes, a pangenome for 26 Ptr isolates from Australia, Europe, North Africa and America, representing nearly all known races, revealed a conserved core-gene content of 57% and presents a new Ptr resource for searching natural homologues (orthologues not acquired by horizontal transfer from another species) using remote protein structural homology. Here, we identify for the first time a non-synonymous mutation in the Ptr necrotrophic effector gene ToxB, multiple copies of the inactive toxb within an isolate, a distant natural Pyrenophora homologue of a known Parastagonopora nodorum necrotrophic effector (SnTox3), and clear genomic break points for the ToxA effector horizontal transfer region. This comprehensive genomic analysis of Ptr races includes nine isolates sequenced via long read technologies. Accordingly, these resources provide a more complete representation of the species, and serve as a resource to monitor variations potentially involved in pathogenicity.

TidsskriftMicrobial Genomics
Antal sider17
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2022

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