A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance

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A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance. / Vangsoe, Mathias T.; Nielsen, Jonas K.; Paton, Carl D.

I: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Bind 15, Nr. 8, 2020, s. 1109-1116.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Vangsoe, MT, Nielsen, JK & Paton, CD 2020, 'A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance', International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, bind 15, nr. 8, s. 1109-1116. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557

APA

Vangsoe, M. T., Nielsen, J. K., & Paton, C. D. (2020). A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15(8), 1109-1116. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557

CBE

Vangsoe MT, Nielsen JK, Paton CD. 2020. A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 15(8):1109-1116. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557

MLA

Vangsoe, Mathias T., Jonas K. Nielsen og Carl D. Paton. "A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance". International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2020, 15(8). 1109-1116. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557

Vancouver

Vangsoe MT, Nielsen JK, Paton CD. A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2020;15(8):1109-1116. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557

Author

Vangsoe, Mathias T. ; Nielsen, Jonas K. ; Paton, Carl D. / A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance. I: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2020 ; Bind 15, Nr. 8. s. 1109-1116.

Bibtex

@article{46852696894f46e6a26bf488a7bfdf52,
title = "A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance",
abstract = "Purpose: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and postactivation potentiation (PAP) are warm-up strategies proposed to improve high-intensity sporting performance. However, only few studies have investigated the benefits of these strategies compared with an appropriate control (CON) or an athlete-selected (SELF) warm-up protocol. Therefore, this study examined the effects of 4 different warm-up routines on 1-km time-trial (TT) performance with competitive cyclists. Methods: In a randomized crossover study, 12 well-trained cyclists (age 32 [10] y, mass 77.7 [4.6] kg, peak power output 1141 [61] W) performed 4 different warm-up strategies-(CON) 17 minutes CON only, (SELF) a self-determined warm-up, (IPC) IPC + CON, or (PAP) CON + PAP-prior to completing a maximal-effort 1-km TT. Performance time and power, quadriceps electromyograms, muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2), and blood lactate were measured to determine differences between trials. Results: There were no significant differences (P >.05) in 1-km performance time between CON (76.9 [5.2] s), SELF (77.3 [6.0] s), IPC (77.0 [5.5] s), or PAP (77.3 [5.9] s) protocols. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in mean or peak power output between trials. Finally, electromyogram activity, SmO2, and recovery blood lactate concentration were not different between conditions. Conclusions: Adding IPC or PAP protocols to a short CON warm-up appears to provide no additional benefit to 1-km TT performance with well-trained cyclists and is therefore not recommended. Furthermore, additional IPC and PAP protocols had no effect on electromyograms and SmO2 values during the TT or peak lactate concentration during recovery.",
keywords = "Muscle oxygen saturation, Occlusion, Sprint, Track cycling",
author = "Vangsoe, {Mathias T.} and Nielsen, {Jonas K.} and Paton, {Carl D.}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "1109--1116",
journal = "International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance",
issn = "1555-0265",
publisher = "Human Kinetics, Inc.",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of different prerace warm-up strategies on 1-km cycling time-trial performance

AU - Vangsoe, Mathias T.

AU - Nielsen, Jonas K.

AU - Paton, Carl D.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Purpose: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and postactivation potentiation (PAP) are warm-up strategies proposed to improve high-intensity sporting performance. However, only few studies have investigated the benefits of these strategies compared with an appropriate control (CON) or an athlete-selected (SELF) warm-up protocol. Therefore, this study examined the effects of 4 different warm-up routines on 1-km time-trial (TT) performance with competitive cyclists. Methods: In a randomized crossover study, 12 well-trained cyclists (age 32 [10] y, mass 77.7 [4.6] kg, peak power output 1141 [61] W) performed 4 different warm-up strategies-(CON) 17 minutes CON only, (SELF) a self-determined warm-up, (IPC) IPC + CON, or (PAP) CON + PAP-prior to completing a maximal-effort 1-km TT. Performance time and power, quadriceps electromyograms, muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2), and blood lactate were measured to determine differences between trials. Results: There were no significant differences (P >.05) in 1-km performance time between CON (76.9 [5.2] s), SELF (77.3 [6.0] s), IPC (77.0 [5.5] s), or PAP (77.3 [5.9] s) protocols. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in mean or peak power output between trials. Finally, electromyogram activity, SmO2, and recovery blood lactate concentration were not different between conditions. Conclusions: Adding IPC or PAP protocols to a short CON warm-up appears to provide no additional benefit to 1-km TT performance with well-trained cyclists and is therefore not recommended. Furthermore, additional IPC and PAP protocols had no effect on electromyograms and SmO2 values during the TT or peak lactate concentration during recovery.

AB - Purpose: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and postactivation potentiation (PAP) are warm-up strategies proposed to improve high-intensity sporting performance. However, only few studies have investigated the benefits of these strategies compared with an appropriate control (CON) or an athlete-selected (SELF) warm-up protocol. Therefore, this study examined the effects of 4 different warm-up routines on 1-km time-trial (TT) performance with competitive cyclists. Methods: In a randomized crossover study, 12 well-trained cyclists (age 32 [10] y, mass 77.7 [4.6] kg, peak power output 1141 [61] W) performed 4 different warm-up strategies-(CON) 17 minutes CON only, (SELF) a self-determined warm-up, (IPC) IPC + CON, or (PAP) CON + PAP-prior to completing a maximal-effort 1-km TT. Performance time and power, quadriceps electromyograms, muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2), and blood lactate were measured to determine differences between trials. Results: There were no significant differences (P >.05) in 1-km performance time between CON (76.9 [5.2] s), SELF (77.3 [6.0] s), IPC (77.0 [5.5] s), or PAP (77.3 [5.9] s) protocols. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in mean or peak power output between trials. Finally, electromyogram activity, SmO2, and recovery blood lactate concentration were not different between conditions. Conclusions: Adding IPC or PAP protocols to a short CON warm-up appears to provide no additional benefit to 1-km TT performance with well-trained cyclists and is therefore not recommended. Furthermore, additional IPC and PAP protocols had no effect on electromyograms and SmO2 values during the TT or peak lactate concentration during recovery.

KW - Muscle oxygen saturation

KW - Occlusion

KW - Sprint

KW - Track cycling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85091157996&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557

DO - 10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0557

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85091157996

VL - 15

SP - 1109

EP - 1116

JO - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

JF - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

SN - 1555-0265

IS - 8

ER -