α-Synuclein Oligomers: A Study in Diversity

Femke van Diggelen, Armand Tepper, Mihaela Petri, Daniel Otzen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

A critical step in Parkinson's disease (PD) is the formation of toxic α-synuclein oligomers (αSOs). In vitro αSOs are formed by self-assembly of α-synuclein at high concentrations, or by the addition of, for example, dopamine, lipids, ethanol, or metal ions. These αSOs are structurally distinct from the unfolded monomer and aggregated β-sheet fibrils. Nevertheless, the literature reports a wide variety of αSO shapes, sizes, and proposed toxic mechanisms. This heterogeneous character makes it difficult to form a unifying picture. Here, we present an overview of the different αSO species made in vitro, providing a tool for better comparison of different protocols and the ensuing αSOs, and emphasizing the striking versatility in the appearance and properties of these critical species. We also summarize what is known of the biological activities of different αSOs. Despite a large and increasing level of insight into αSO effects in vitro, we still lack strong insight into the structures and sizes of αSO species formed in vivo. Once this is established, it may be possible to generate more uniform protocols that could stimulate further efforts to develop viable PD biomarker assays and therapies.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIsrael Journal of Chemistry
Vol/bind57
Nummer7-8
Sider (fra-til)699-723
Antal sider25
ISSN0021-2148
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2017

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