Vita Ligaya Ponce Dalgaard

Recovery from work-related stress: a randomized controlled trial of a stress management intervention in a clinical sample

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Recovery from work-related stress : a randomized controlled trial of a stress management intervention in a clinical sample. / Glasscock, David J.; Carstensen, Ole; Dalgaard, Vita Ligaya.

I: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Bind 91, Nr. 6, 01.08.2018, s. 675-687.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{e6b16e065f3b4d4cb6382bf78fdf5a90,
title = "Recovery from work-related stress: a randomized controlled trial of a stress management intervention in a clinical sample",
abstract = "Purpose: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions aimed at reducing work-related stress indicate that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is more effective than other interventions. However, definitions of study populations are often unclear and there is a lack of interventions targeting both the individual and the workplace. The aim of this study was to determine whether a stress management intervention combining individual CBT and a workplace focus is superior to no treatment in the reduction of perceived stress and stress symptoms and time to lasting return to work (RTW) in a clinical sample. Methods: Patients with work-related stress reactions or adjustment disorders were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 57, 84.2{\%} female) or a control group (n = 80, 83.8{\%} female). Subjects were followed via questionnaires and register data. The intervention contained individual CBT and the offer of a workplace meeting. We examined intervention effects by analysing group differences in score changes on the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30). We also tested if intervention led to faster lasting RTW. Results: Mean baseline values of PSS were 24.79 in the intervention group and 23.26 in the control group while the corresponding values for GHQ were 21.3 and 20.27, respectively. There was a significant effect of time. 10 months after baseline, both groups reported less perceived stress and improved mental health. 4 months after baseline, we found significant treatment effects for both perceived stress and mental health. The difference in mean change in PSS after 4 months was − 3.09 (− 5.47, − 0.72), while for GHQ it was − 3.91 (− 7.15, − 0.68). There were no group differences in RTW. Conclusions: The intervention led to faster reductions in perceived stress and stress symptoms amongst patients with work-related stress reactions and adjustment disorders. 6 months after the intervention ended there were no longer differences between the groups.",
keywords = "Adjustment disorders, Cognitive behavioural therapy, Occupational stress, RCT, Return to work, Stress management intervention",
author = "Glasscock, {David J.} and Ole Carstensen and Dalgaard, {Vita Ligaya}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00420-018-1314-7",
language = "English",
volume = "91",
pages = "675--687",
journal = "International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health",
issn = "0340-0131",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recovery from work-related stress

T2 - a randomized controlled trial of a stress management intervention in a clinical sample

AU - Glasscock, David J.

AU - Carstensen, Ole

AU - Dalgaard, Vita Ligaya

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - Purpose: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions aimed at reducing work-related stress indicate that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is more effective than other interventions. However, definitions of study populations are often unclear and there is a lack of interventions targeting both the individual and the workplace. The aim of this study was to determine whether a stress management intervention combining individual CBT and a workplace focus is superior to no treatment in the reduction of perceived stress and stress symptoms and time to lasting return to work (RTW) in a clinical sample. Methods: Patients with work-related stress reactions or adjustment disorders were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 57, 84.2% female) or a control group (n = 80, 83.8% female). Subjects were followed via questionnaires and register data. The intervention contained individual CBT and the offer of a workplace meeting. We examined intervention effects by analysing group differences in score changes on the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30). We also tested if intervention led to faster lasting RTW. Results: Mean baseline values of PSS were 24.79 in the intervention group and 23.26 in the control group while the corresponding values for GHQ were 21.3 and 20.27, respectively. There was a significant effect of time. 10 months after baseline, both groups reported less perceived stress and improved mental health. 4 months after baseline, we found significant treatment effects for both perceived stress and mental health. The difference in mean change in PSS after 4 months was − 3.09 (− 5.47, − 0.72), while for GHQ it was − 3.91 (− 7.15, − 0.68). There were no group differences in RTW. Conclusions: The intervention led to faster reductions in perceived stress and stress symptoms amongst patients with work-related stress reactions and adjustment disorders. 6 months after the intervention ended there were no longer differences between the groups.

AB - Purpose: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions aimed at reducing work-related stress indicate that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is more effective than other interventions. However, definitions of study populations are often unclear and there is a lack of interventions targeting both the individual and the workplace. The aim of this study was to determine whether a stress management intervention combining individual CBT and a workplace focus is superior to no treatment in the reduction of perceived stress and stress symptoms and time to lasting return to work (RTW) in a clinical sample. Methods: Patients with work-related stress reactions or adjustment disorders were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 57, 84.2% female) or a control group (n = 80, 83.8% female). Subjects were followed via questionnaires and register data. The intervention contained individual CBT and the offer of a workplace meeting. We examined intervention effects by analysing group differences in score changes on the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30). We also tested if intervention led to faster lasting RTW. Results: Mean baseline values of PSS were 24.79 in the intervention group and 23.26 in the control group while the corresponding values for GHQ were 21.3 and 20.27, respectively. There was a significant effect of time. 10 months after baseline, both groups reported less perceived stress and improved mental health. 4 months after baseline, we found significant treatment effects for both perceived stress and mental health. The difference in mean change in PSS after 4 months was − 3.09 (− 5.47, − 0.72), while for GHQ it was − 3.91 (− 7.15, − 0.68). There were no group differences in RTW. Conclusions: The intervention led to faster reductions in perceived stress and stress symptoms amongst patients with work-related stress reactions and adjustment disorders. 6 months after the intervention ended there were no longer differences between the groups.

KW - Adjustment disorders

KW - Cognitive behavioural therapy

KW - Occupational stress

KW - RCT

KW - Return to work

KW - Stress management intervention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047662286&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00420-018-1314-7

DO - 10.1007/s00420-018-1314-7

M3 - Journal article

VL - 91

SP - 675

EP - 687

JO - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

JF - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

SN - 0340-0131

IS - 6

ER -