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Violeta Hansen

Partition of iodine (I-129 and I-127) isotopes in soils and marine sediments

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  • Violeta Hansen
  • Per Roos, Tech Univ Denmark, Technical University of Denmark, Riso Natl Lab Sustainable Energy NUK 202
  • ,
  • Ala Aldahan, United Arab Emirates Univ, United Arab Emirates University, Dept Geol
  • ,
  • Xiaolin Hou, Tech Univ Denmark, Technical University of Denmark, Riso Natl Lab Sustainable Energy NUK 202
  • ,
  • Goran Possnert, Uppsala Univ, Uppsala University, Tandem Lab

Natural organic matter, such as humic and fulvic acids and humin, plays a key role in determining the fate and mobility of radioiodine in soil and sediments. The radioisotope I-129 is continuously produced and released from nuclear fuel reprocessing plants, and as a biophilic element, its environmental mobility is strongly linked to organic matter.

Due to its long half-life (15.7 million years), I-129 builds up in the environment and can be traced since the beginning of the nuclear era in reservoirs such as soils and marine sediments. Nevertheless, partition of the isotope between the different types of organic matter in soil and sediment is rarely explored. Here we present a sequential extraction of I-129 and I-127 chemical forms encountered in a Danish soil, a soil reference material (IAEA-375), an anoxic marine sediment from Southern Norway and an oxic sediment from the Barents Sea. The different forms of iodine are related to water soluble, exchangeable, carbonates, oxides as well as iodine bound to humic acid, fulvic acid and to humin and minerals. This is the first study to identify I-129 in humic and fulvic acid and humin. The results show that 30-56% of the total I-127 and 42-60% of the total I-129 are associated with organic matter in soil and sediment samples. At a soil/sediment pH below 5.0-5.5, I-127 and I-129 in the organic fraction associate primarily with the humic acid while at soil/sediment pH > 6 I-129 was mostly found to be bound to fulvic acid. Anoxic conditions seem to increase the mobility and availability of iodine compared to oxic, while subaerial conditions (soils) reduces the availability of water soluble fraction compared to subaqueous (marine) conditions. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Vol/bind102
Nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1096-1104
Antal sider9
ISSN0265-931X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2011
Eksternt udgivetJa

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