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Violeta Hansen

Iodide and iodate (I-129 and I-127) in surface water of the Baltic Sea, Kattegat and Skagerrak

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  • Violeta Hansen
  • Peng Yi, Uppsala Univ, Uppsala University, Dept Earth Sci
  • ,
  • Xiaolin Hou, Tech Univ Denmark, Technical University of Denmark, Riso Natl Lab Sustainable Energy NUK 202
  • ,
  • Ala Aldahan, United Arab Emirates Univ, United Arab Emirates University, Dept Geol
  • ,
  • Per Roos, Tech Univ Denmark, Technical University of Denmark, Riso Natl Lab Sustainable Energy NUK 202
  • ,
  • Goran Possnert, Uppsala Univ, Uppsala University, Tandem Lab

Despite the common incorporation of iodine in the biological cycle and occurrence of huge contamination of the radioactive isotope I-129 in the Baltic Proper, Skagerrak and Kattegat, there is no data on chemical speciation of iodine in these waters. We here present first time data on iodine isotopes I-129 and I-127 species as iodide and iodate in surface seawater samples collected from 16 locations in August 2006 and 19 locations in April 2007 in the Baltic Proper, Skagerrak and Kattegat. After extensive separation methods, the isotopes concentrations were determined using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) technique for the I-129 and inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) for I-127. High concentrations of both isotopes species were found in the Skagerrak-Kattegat basins, whereas the values in the Baltic Proper are low for both species. The ratios of I-129(-)/(IO3-)-I-129 and I-127-/(IO3-)-I-127 significantly increase from south to central Baltic Sea, and iodide (both isotopes) appears as the predominant inorganic iodine species along the Baltic Sea. The results show insignificant change in I-129 and I-127 speciation and suggest that reduction of iodate and oxidation of iodide in Skagerrak and Kattegat may be a slow process. Additionally, the positive correlation between salinity and iodide and iodate (both isotopes) may reflect effective control of Skagerrak water mass on iodine distribution in surface water of the Baltic Sea. (C) 2011 Elsevier BM. All rights reserved.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScience of the Total Environment
Vol/bind412
Sider (fra-til)296-303
Antal sider8
ISSN0048-9697
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 dec. 2011
Eksternt udgivetJa

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