Torben Sigsgaard

Effects of smoking bans on passive smoking exposure at work and at home. The European Community respiratory health survey

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Mario Olivieri, University of Verona
  • ,
  • Nicola Murgia, University of Perugia
  • ,
  • Anne Elie Carsin, ISGlobal, ISGlobal
  • ,
  • Joachim Heinrich, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich
  • ,
  • Geza Benke, Monash University
  • ,
  • Roberto Bono, University of Turin
  • ,
  • Angelo Guido Corsico, IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo Foundation
  • ,
  • Pascal Demoly, University Hospital of Montpellier
  • ,
  • Bertil Forsberg, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
  • ,
  • Thorarinn Gislason, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
  • ,
  • Christer Janson, Uppsala University
  • ,
  • Rain Jõgi, Tartu University Hospital
  • ,
  • Bénédicte Leynaert, Université Paris—Denis Diderot
  • ,
  • Jesús Martínez-Moratalla Rovira, Albacete University Hospital
  • ,
  • Dan Norbäck, Uppsala University
  • ,
  • Dennis Nowak, Klinikum Grosshaden
  • ,
  • Silvia Pascual, Galdakao Hospital
  • ,
  • Isabelle Pin, University Hospital of Grenoble Alpes (CHU-GA)
  • ,
  • Nicole Probst-Hensch, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
  • ,
  • Chantal Raherison, Universite Bordeaux
  • ,
  • Torben Sigsgaard
  • Cecilie Svanes, Universitetet i Bergen
  • ,
  • Kjell Torén, University of Gothenburg
  • ,
  • Isabel Urrutia, Galdakao Hospital
  • ,
  • Joost Weyler, University of Antwerp
  • ,
  • Deborah Jarvis, Imperial College, London
  • ,
  • Jan Paul Zock, ISGlobal, ISGlobal
  • ,
  • Giuseppe Verlato, University of Verona

This longitudinal study investigated whether smoking bans influence passive smoking at work and/or at home in the same subjects. Passive smoking at work and/or at home was investigated in random population samples (European Community Respiratory Health Survey) in 1990-1995, with follow-up interviews in 1998-2003 and 2010-2014. National smoking bans were classified as partial (restricted to public workplaces) or global (extended to private workplaces). Multivariable analysis was accomplished by three-level logistic regression models, where level-1, level-2, and level-3 units were, respectively, questionnaire responses, subjects, and centers. Passive smoking at work was reported by 31.9% in 1990-1995, 17.5% in 1998-2003, and 2.5% in 2010-2014. Concurrently, passive smoking at home decreased from 28.9% to 18.2% and 8.8%. When controlling for sex, age, education, smoking status, and ECHRS wave, the odds of passive smoking at work was markedly reduced after global smoking bans (OR = 0.45, 95% CI 0.25-0.81), particularly among non-smokers, while the protective effect of global smoking bans on passive smoking at home was only detected in non-smokers. Smoking bans both in public and private workplaces were effective in reducing passive smoking at work in Europe. However, given the inefficacy of smoking bans in current smokers’ dwellings, better strategies are needed to avoid smoking indoors.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIndoor Air
Vol/bind29
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)670-679
Antal sider10
ISSN0905-6947
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2019

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