Tine Bennedsen Gehrt

Adverse childhood experiences in patients with severe health anxiety: No evidence for an increased frequency compared to patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Tine B. Gehrt
  • Marie Louise Obermann
  • ,
  • Fruzsina Eva Toth, Afdeling for Depression og Angst, Aarhus Universitetshospital - Psykiatri, Regional Psychiatry Unit, Silkeborg Hospital
  • ,
  • Lisbeth Frostholm
Theoretical models of health anxiety emphasize adverse childhood experiences in the development of the disorder, but few studies examine such events in patients with severe health anxiety and the results are difficult to compare across studies. The present study examined adult retrospective reports of illness-related and traumatic childhood experiences in 31 patients with severe health anxiety, 32 non-clinical control participants, and a clinical control group of 33 patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder. No evidence of an increased frequency of adverse childhood experiences in patients with severe health anxiety was found. However, patients with severe health anxiety who had experienced the death of a friend or family member or a major upheaval during childhood, perceived these events as having been more traumatic than the control participants. These findings suggest that biases in how adverse childhood experiences are interpreted or remembered might play a role in severe health anxiety. The findings are discussed in relation to the cognitive behavioral model of health anxiety, and some of the processes in interpretation and memory that could explain how adverse childhood experiences might play a role in the development and maintenance of severe health anxiety are outlined.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer12856
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Vol/bind63
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)565-672
Antal sider8
ISSN0036-5564
DOI
StatusAccepteret/In press - 1 jul. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants from the Danish National Research Foundation [DNRF89], the Illum Foundation, and the Independent Research Fund, Denmark [9037‐00015B9]. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Data available on request due to privacy/ethical restrictions. The authors thank Dorthe Berntsen for comments on the initial analyses and interpretation of the data, and Ditte Hoffmann Frydendal, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Tina B. W. Carstensen, Heidi Berg Nielsen, Astrid Høegh Tuborgh, Heidi Frølund Petersen and the OCD Association in Denmark for assisting in recruiting patients with severe health anxiety and OCD. 1

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology published by Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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