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Timo Lehmann Kvamme

Sexually dimorphic brain volume interaction in college-aged binge drinkers

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Timo L Kvamme
  • Casper Schmidt, Aalborg Universitet, University of Cambridge
  • ,
  • Daniela Strelchuk, University of Cambridge, Storbritannien
  • Yee Chien Chang-Webb, University of Cambridge, Storbritannien
  • Kwangyeol Baek, University of Cambridge, Storbritannien
  • Valerie Voon, University of Cambridge, Storbritannien

BACKGROUND: Binge consumption of alcohol is a major societal problem associated with important cognitive, physiological and neurotoxic consequences. Converging evidence highlights the need to assess binge drinking (BD) and its effects on the developing brain while taking into account gender differences. Here, we compared the brain volumetric differences between genders in college-aged binge drinkers and healthy volunteers.

METHOD: T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of 30 binge drinkers (18 males) and 46 matched healthy volunteers (23 males) were examined using voxel-based morphometry. The anatomical scans were covaried with Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) scores. Whole brain voxel-wise group comparisons were performed using a cluster extent threshold correction.

RESULTS: Several large clusters qualified with group-by-gender interactions were observed in prefrontal, striatal and medial temporal areas, whereby BD females had more volume than non-BD females, while males showed the inverse pattern of decreased volume in BD males and increased volume in non-BD males. AUDIT scores negatively correlated with volume in the right superior frontal cortex and precentral gyrus.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings dovetail with previous studies reporting that a state effect of BD in college-aged drinkers and the severity of alcohol use are associated with volumetric alterations in the cortical and subcortical areas of the brain. Our study indicates that these widespread volumetric changes vary differentially by gender, suggesting either sexual dimorphic endophenotypic risk factors, or differential neurotoxic sensitivities for males and females.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuroImage: Clinical
Vol/bind10
Sider (fra-til)310-317
Antal sider8
ISSN2213-1582
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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