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Thomas Vorup-Jensen

Interaction properties of human mannan-binding lectin (MBL)-associated serine proteases-1 and -2, MBL-associated protein 19, and MBL

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The mannan-binding lectin (MBL) activation pathway of complement plays an important role in the innate immune defense against pathogenic microorganisms. In human serum, two MBL-associated serine proteases (MASP-1, MASP-2) and MBL-associated protein 19 (MAp19) were found to be associated with MBL. With a view to investigate the interaction properties of these proteins, human MASP-1, MASP-2, MAp19, as well as the N-terminal complement subcomponents C1r/C1s, Uegf, and bone morphogenetic protein-1-epidermal growth factor (CUB-EGF) segments of MASP-1 and MASP-2, were expressed in insect or human kidney cells, and MBL was isolated from human serum. Sedimentation velocity analysis indicated that the MASP-1 and MASP-2 CUB-EGF segments and the homologous protein MAp19 all behaved as homodimers (2.8-3.2 S) in the presence of Ca(2+). Although the latter two dimers were not dissociated by EDTA, their physical properties were affected. In contrast, the MASP-1 CUB-EGF homodimer was not sensitive to EDTA. The three proteins and full-length MASP-1 and MASP-2 showed no interaction with each other as judged by gel filtration and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy. Using the latter technique, MASP-1, MASP-2, their CUB-EGF segments, and MAp19 were each shown to bind to immobilized MBL, with K:(D) values of 0.8 nM (MASP-2), 1.4 nM (MASP-1), 13.0 nM (MAp19 and MASP-2 CUB-EGF), and 25.7 nM (MASP-1 CUB-EGF). The binding was Ca(2+)-dependent and fully sensitive to EDTA in all cases. These data indicate that MASP-1, MASP-2, and MAp19 each associate as homodimers, and individually form Ca(2+)-dependent complexes with MBL through the CUB-EGF pair of each protein. This suggests that distinct MBL/MASP complexes may be involved in the activation or regulation of the MBL pathway.
TidsskriftJournal of Immunology
Sider (fra-til)5068-77
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 2001

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