Thea Cæcilie Viborg Vestergaard

Adherence and quality of care in IBD

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

OBJECTIVE: In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), adherence to both medical treatment and other aspects of care has a substantial impact on the course of the disease. Most studies of medical adherence have reported that 30-45% of patients with IBD were non-adherent. Our study aimed to investigate the different aspects of adherence and to identify predictors of non-adherence, including the quality of care, for outpatients with IBD.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous electronic questionnaire was used to investigate different aspects of adherence, the quality of care, patient involvement and shared decision making among 377 IBD outpatients.

RESULTS: Three hundred (80%) filled in the questionnaire. The overall adherence rate was 93%. Young age (< 35 years old) and smoking were significantly associated with non-adherence (prevalence odds ratio (POR) 2.98, 95% CI 1.04-8.52, p < 0.05 and POR 3.88, 95% CI 1.36-11.05, p < 0.05, respectively). The lowest medical adherence rates were found for 5-ASA and topical treatments among patients with inactive disease. A large majority of patients stated that treatment strategies were agreed upon as a shared decision between the patient and the health care professionals.

CONCLUSIONS: Predictors for non-adherence were young age and smoking. High adherence rates could be explained by a high patient satisfaction and a high degree of shared decision making.

TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Sider (fra-til)1326-31
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2016

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