Tara Ballav Adhikari

Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among retired Indian army in Pokhara Metropolitan

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Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors with hypertension among the retired Indian army living in a semi-urban area of Pokhara metropolitan. Design and method: The cross-sectional study was conducted among retired Indian army living in a semi-urban area of Pokhara metropolitan. Data on blood pressure (BP), anthropometric measurements, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, obesity and dietary factors were collected by face-to-face interview using WHO STEPwise approach to non-communicable disease risk factor surveillance (STEPS) questionnaire translated in Nepali language. Results: Among the 317 retired Indian army interviewed, the prevalence of hypertension was 68.1%. Mean blood pressure systolic was 144.48 mmHg, and diastolic was 89.3 mmHg. Prevalence of smoking any tobacco products was 12.9%, and consumption of alcohol products was 86.1%. One fourth (25.9%) of the respondents had a family history of hypertension. Over one half (51.4%) were classified as overweight (BMI), and 6.6% had central obesity. Respondents with age group (55–64) years were found more than three times (OR: 3.21, 95% CI: 1.91–8.68) likely to have hypertension. Alcohol consumers were 1.8 times more likely to have hypertension than non-consumers. Respondents with a family history of hypertension were found 2.57 folds to have hypertension. Conclusions: Hypertension among retired Indian army is comparatively much higher than the general population in the study area. The finding of the study calls for an immediate primary care to the high-risk occupation groups targeting prevention, screening and control measures for blood pressure and associated risk factors. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Hypertension
Vol/bind39
NummerSupplement 1
Sider (fra-til)e269
Antal sider1
ISSN0263-6352
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2021
Begivenhed19th International SHR Symposium -
Varighed: 11 apr. 202114 apr. 2021
Konferencens nummer: 19

Konference

Konference19th International SHR Symposium
Nummer19
Periode11/04/202114/04/2021

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