Aarhus Universitets segl

Simple F. Kothari

Oral health and Brain Injury: Causal or Casual Relation? Oral health and acquired brain injury

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review


Background: To systematically review the current literature investigating the association between oral health and acquired brain injury.
Methods: A structured search strategy was applied to PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CENTRAL electronic databases until March 2017 by two independent reviewers. The preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis guidelines were used for systematic review.
Results: Even though the objective was to assess the association between oral health and acquired brain injury, eligible studies focused solely on different forms of stroke and stroke subtypes. Stroke prediction was associated with various factors such as number of teeth, periodontal conditions (even after controlling for confounding factors), clinical attachment loss, antibody levels to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Prevotella intermedia. The literature showed no consensus on the possible association between gingivitis and stroke. Patients with stroke generally had poorer oral hygiene practices and oral health. Dental prophylaxis and professional intervention reduced the incidence of stroke.
Conclusions: Overall, oral health and stroke were related. Periodontitis and tooth loss were independently associated with stroke. However, prevention and timely intervention can reduce the risk of stroke. Stroke was the main cerebral lesion studied in the literature, with almost no publications on other brain lesions.
TidsskriftCerebrovascular Diseases
Sider (fra-til)1-15
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - 9 jan. 2018

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