Institut for Biologi

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Shubiao Wu

Treatment of anaerobic digested effluent in biochar-packed vertical flow constructed wetland columns: Role of media and tidal operation

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  • Simon Kizito, Makerere University
  • ,
  • Tao Lv
  • ,
  • Shubiao Wu
  • Zeeshan Ajmal, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Hongzhen Luo, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Renjie Dong, China Agricultural University

Three types of vertical flow constructed wetland columns (VFCWs), packed with corn cob biochar (CB-CW), wood biochar (WB-CW) and gravel (G-CW) under tidal flow operations, were comparatively evaluated to investigate anaerobic digested effluent treatment performance and mechanisms. It was demonstrated that CB-CW and WB-CW provide significantly higher removal efficiencies for organic matter (> 59%), NH4+-N (> 76%), TN (> 37%) and phosphorus (> 71%), compared with G-CW (22%-49%). The higher pollutants removal ability of biochar-packed VFCWs was mainly attribute to the higher adsorption ability and microbial cultivation in the porous biochar media. Moreover, increasing the flooded/drained ratio from 4/8 h to 8/4 h of the tidal operation further improved around 10% of the removal of both organics and NH4+-N for biochar-packed VFCWs. The phosphorus removal was dependent on the media adsorption capacities through the whole experiment. However, the NH4+-N biodegradation by microbial communities was demonstrated to become the dominant removal mechanism in the long term treatment, which compensated the decreased adsorption capacities of the media. The study supported that the use of biochar would increase the treatment performance and elongate the lifespan of CWs under tidal operation. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScience of the Total Environment
Vol/bind592
Sider (fra-til)197-205
Antal sider9
ISSN0048-9697
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 aug. 2017

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