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Shubiao Wu

Phosphate removal from aqueous solution using iron oxides: Adsorption, desorption and regeneration characteristics

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  • Zeeshan Ajmal, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Atif Muhmood, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Muhammad Usman, University Tübingen, University of Agriculture
  • ,
  • Simon Kizito, China Agricultural University, Makerere University
  • ,
  • Jiaxin Lu, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Renjie Dong, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Shubiao Wu

Dynamics of phosphate (PO43-) adsorption, desorption and regeneration characteristics of three lab synthesized iron oxides, ferrihydrite (F), goethite (G), and magnetite (M) were evaluated in this study. Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the impact of several adsorption parameters including adsorbent dosage, reaction time, temperature, pH, and ionic strength. The results showed that PO43- adsorption increased with reaction time and temperature while it decreased with an increase in solution pH. Adsorption isotherm data exhibited good agreement with the Freundlich and Langmuir model with maximum monolayer adsorption capacities of 66.6 mg-g(-1) (F), 57.8 mg.g(-1) (M), and 50.5 mg.g(-1) (G). A thermodynamics evaluation produced Delta G <0, Delta H > 0, and Delta S > 0, demonstrating that PO43- adsorption onto tested minerals is endothermic, spontaneous, and disordered. The PO43-. removal mostly occurred via electrostatic attraction between the sorbate and sorbent surfaces. Moreover, the PO43- sorption was reversible and could be desorbed at varying rates in both neutral and alkaline environments. The good desorption capacity has practical benefits for potential regeneration and re-use of the saturated particles in wastewater treatment systems. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

TidsskriftJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Sider (fra-til)145-155
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2018

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