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Sergey Fedosov

Transcobalamin from cow milk: isolation and physico-chemical properties

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The concentration of endogenous cobalamin (Cbl) in cow milk was 3.3 nM while the Cbl-binding capacity was 0.05 nM. Both endogenous and newly added Cbl showed similar quantitative distribution between a 280 kDa protein complex (45%) and a 43 kDa Cbl-binder (55%). Long time incubation, as well as urea treatment, was accompanied by a slow release of the 43 kDa Cbl-binder from the 280 kDa fraction. No other Cbl-binding proteins appeared after these procedures. The 43 kDa binder from cow milk, depleted of the ligand by urea treatment, reacted with Cbl even in the presence of a B12 analogue cobinamide (Cbi) at the ratio Cbl:Cbi = 1:40. The Stokes radius of the binder changed from 2.7 nm for the Cbl-free protein to 2.5 nm for the Cbl-saturated form and the Cbl-saturated binder was able to displaze human transcobalamin (TC) from the TC-receptor. The interaction between the protein and Cbl was significantly suppressed at pH 2.0. The N-terminal sequence of the purified 43 kDa Cbl-binder revealed homology with TC from human and rabbit plasma. In conclusion we have shown that TC is the main Cbl-binding protein in cow milk. This is surprising, since previous studies on human and rat milk have shown another Cbl-binder, apo-haptocorrin, to be the dominating Cbl-binding protein
TidsskriftBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
Sider (fra-til)111-119
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 4 jan. 1996

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