Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Rune Dietz

Deep diving harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in South Greenland: movements, diving, haul-out and breeding activities described by telemetry

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Deep diving harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in South Greenland : movements, diving, haul-out and breeding activities described by telemetry. / Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; Teilmann, Jonas; Olsen, Morten Tange; Dietz, Rune.

I: Polar Biology, Bind 43, Nr. 4, 04.2020, s. 359-368.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{685a7c6c51634b3ea774fbb39575c44a,
title = "Deep diving harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in South Greenland: movements, diving, haul-out and breeding activities described by telemetry",
abstract = "Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) were formerly widely distributed in Greenland, but in most areas, they have now become rare or extinct. In this study, we deployed 15 satellite-linked data-recorders on 12 individual harbor seals captured near the southern tip of Greenland. The tagging site, a small archipelago, turned out to be their main haul-out and molting location. The seals were tagged around the first week of September across 2 years. Six adult seals transmitted during the breeding season (June–July), during which two males and a female stayed near the tagging site, whereas two females and a male made a targeted swim about 250 km northward along the east coast, just prior to parturition and they returned right after the breeding period. Based on behavior (strong site fidelity and abrupt changes in haul-out and diving activities), we determined that all three females gave birth and that parturition happened during 14–21 June. Prolonged haul-out, relating to the molt, started in early August and peaked during 15 August–8 September with an average of 10–11 h haul-out per day. The seals thereafter gradually transitioned toward a winter mode with more deep dives and on average hauling out 4 h every other day. Dives deeper than 400 m made up less than 1% of their dives, but four seals dove to depths in excess of 575 m, with a record depth of 631 m and the longest dives lasting between 20 and 25 min. To our knowledge, these dives are the deepest recorded for harbor seals.",
keywords = "Argos, Breeding, Diving, Haul-out, Molt, Phenology, Red list, Telemetry, Telemetry, Phenology, molt, breeding, Diving, haul-out, Argos, red list",
author = "Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid and Jonas Teilmann and Olsen, {Morten Tange} and Rune Dietz",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1007/s00300-020-02639-w",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "359--368",
journal = "Polar Biology",
issn = "0722-4060",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deep diving harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in South Greenland

T2 - movements, diving, haul-out and breeding activities described by telemetry

AU - Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu

AU - Teilmann, Jonas

AU - Olsen, Morten Tange

AU - Dietz, Rune

PY - 2020/4

Y1 - 2020/4

N2 - Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) were formerly widely distributed in Greenland, but in most areas, they have now become rare or extinct. In this study, we deployed 15 satellite-linked data-recorders on 12 individual harbor seals captured near the southern tip of Greenland. The tagging site, a small archipelago, turned out to be their main haul-out and molting location. The seals were tagged around the first week of September across 2 years. Six adult seals transmitted during the breeding season (June–July), during which two males and a female stayed near the tagging site, whereas two females and a male made a targeted swim about 250 km northward along the east coast, just prior to parturition and they returned right after the breeding period. Based on behavior (strong site fidelity and abrupt changes in haul-out and diving activities), we determined that all three females gave birth and that parturition happened during 14–21 June. Prolonged haul-out, relating to the molt, started in early August and peaked during 15 August–8 September with an average of 10–11 h haul-out per day. The seals thereafter gradually transitioned toward a winter mode with more deep dives and on average hauling out 4 h every other day. Dives deeper than 400 m made up less than 1% of their dives, but four seals dove to depths in excess of 575 m, with a record depth of 631 m and the longest dives lasting between 20 and 25 min. To our knowledge, these dives are the deepest recorded for harbor seals.

AB - Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) were formerly widely distributed in Greenland, but in most areas, they have now become rare or extinct. In this study, we deployed 15 satellite-linked data-recorders on 12 individual harbor seals captured near the southern tip of Greenland. The tagging site, a small archipelago, turned out to be their main haul-out and molting location. The seals were tagged around the first week of September across 2 years. Six adult seals transmitted during the breeding season (June–July), during which two males and a female stayed near the tagging site, whereas two females and a male made a targeted swim about 250 km northward along the east coast, just prior to parturition and they returned right after the breeding period. Based on behavior (strong site fidelity and abrupt changes in haul-out and diving activities), we determined that all three females gave birth and that parturition happened during 14–21 June. Prolonged haul-out, relating to the molt, started in early August and peaked during 15 August–8 September with an average of 10–11 h haul-out per day. The seals thereafter gradually transitioned toward a winter mode with more deep dives and on average hauling out 4 h every other day. Dives deeper than 400 m made up less than 1% of their dives, but four seals dove to depths in excess of 575 m, with a record depth of 631 m and the longest dives lasting between 20 and 25 min. To our knowledge, these dives are the deepest recorded for harbor seals.

KW - Argos

KW - Breeding

KW - Diving

KW - Haul-out

KW - Molt

KW - Phenology

KW - Red list

KW - Telemetry

KW - Telemetry

KW - Phenology

KW - molt

KW - breeding

KW - Diving

KW - haul-out

KW - Argos

KW - red list

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85081295180&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00300-020-02639-w

DO - 10.1007/s00300-020-02639-w

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85081295180

VL - 43

SP - 359

EP - 368

JO - Polar Biology

JF - Polar Biology

SN - 0722-4060

IS - 4

ER -