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Rune Dietz

Body mass, mercury exposure, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in three Baltic colonies

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Body mass, mercury exposure, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in three Baltic colonies. / Ma, Nyuk Ling; Hansen, Martin; Roland Therkildsen, Ole; Kjær Christensen, Thomas; Skjold Tjørnløv, Rune; Garbus, Svend Erik; Lyngs, Peter; Peng, Wanxi; Lam, Su Shiung; Kirstine Havnsøe Krogh, Anne; Andersen-Ranberg, Emilie; Søndergaard, Jens; Rigét, Frank F.; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian.

I: Environment International, Bind 142, 105866, 09.2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Author

Ma, Nyuk Ling ; Hansen, Martin ; Roland Therkildsen, Ole ; Kjær Christensen, Thomas ; Skjold Tjørnløv, Rune ; Garbus, Svend Erik ; Lyngs, Peter ; Peng, Wanxi ; Lam, Su Shiung ; Kirstine Havnsøe Krogh, Anne ; Andersen-Ranberg, Emilie ; Søndergaard, Jens ; Rigét, Frank F. ; Dietz, Rune ; Sonne, Christian. / Body mass, mercury exposure, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in three Baltic colonies. I: Environment International. 2020 ; Bind 142.

Bibtex

@article{2a2b3fb443ef47a4b35248daf414352e,
title = "Body mass, mercury exposure, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in three Baltic colonies",
abstract = "The Baltic/Wadden Sea Flyway of common eiders has declined over the past three decades. Multiple factors such as contaminant exposure, global warming, hunting, white-tailed eagle predation, decreased agricultural eutrophication and infectious diseases have been suggested to explain the decline. We collected information on body mass, mercury (Hg) concentration, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating birds in two colonies in the Danish Straits (Hov R{\o}n, n = 100; Agers{\o}, n = 29) and in one colony in the Baltic proper (Christians{\o}, n = 23) to look into their metabolisms and energy balance. Body mass was available from early and late incubation for Hov R{\o}n and Christians{\o}, showing a significant decline (25–30%) in both colonies with late body mass at Christians{\o} being the lowest. Whole blood concentrations of total mercury Hg were significantly higher in birds at Christians{\o} in the east compared to Hov R{\o}n in the west. All birds in the three colonies had Hg concentrations in the range of ≤1.0 μg/g ww, which indicates that the risk of effects on reproduction is in the no to low risk category for wild birds. Among the biochemical measures, glucose, fructosamine, amylase, albumin and protein decreased significantly from early to late incubation at Hov R{\o}n and Christians{\o}, reflecting long-term fastening as supported by the decline in body mass. Untargeted metabolomics performed on Christians{\o} eiders revealed presence of 8,433 plasma metabolites. Of these, 3,179 metabolites changed significantly (log2-fold change ≥1, p ≤ 0.05) from the early to late incubation. For example, smaller peptides and vitamin B2 (riboflavin) were significantly down-regulated while 11-deoxycorticosterone and palmitoylcarnitine were significantly upregulated. These results show that cumulative stress including fasting during incubation affect the eiders{\textquoteright} biochemical profile and energy metabolism and that this may be most pronounced for the Christians{\o} colony in the Baltic proper. This amplify the events of temperature increases and food web changes caused by global warming that eventually accelerate the loss in body weight. Future studies should examine the relationship between body condition, temperature and reproductive outcomes and include mapping of food web contaminant, energy and nutrient content to better understand, manage and conserve the populations.",
keywords = "Fasting, Fitness, Mercury, Physiology, Reproduction, Untargeted metabolomics",
author = "Ma, {Nyuk Ling} and Martin Hansen and {Roland Therkildsen}, Ole and {Kj{\ae}r Christensen}, Thomas and {Skjold Tj{\o}rnl{\o}v}, Rune and Garbus, {Svend Erik} and Peter Lyngs and Wanxi Peng and Lam, {Su Shiung} and {Kirstine Havns{\o}e Krogh}, Anne and Emilie Andersen-Ranberg and Jens S{\o}ndergaard and Rig{\'e}t, {Frank F.} and Rune Dietz and Christian Sonne",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2020.105866",
language = "English",
volume = "142",
journal = "Environment International",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body mass, mercury exposure, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in three Baltic colonies

AU - Ma, Nyuk Ling

AU - Hansen, Martin

AU - Roland Therkildsen, Ole

AU - Kjær Christensen, Thomas

AU - Skjold Tjørnløv, Rune

AU - Garbus, Svend Erik

AU - Lyngs, Peter

AU - Peng, Wanxi

AU - Lam, Su Shiung

AU - Kirstine Havnsøe Krogh, Anne

AU - Andersen-Ranberg, Emilie

AU - Søndergaard, Jens

AU - Rigét, Frank F.

AU - Dietz, Rune

AU - Sonne, Christian

PY - 2020/9

Y1 - 2020/9

N2 - The Baltic/Wadden Sea Flyway of common eiders has declined over the past three decades. Multiple factors such as contaminant exposure, global warming, hunting, white-tailed eagle predation, decreased agricultural eutrophication and infectious diseases have been suggested to explain the decline. We collected information on body mass, mercury (Hg) concentration, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating birds in two colonies in the Danish Straits (Hov Røn, n = 100; Agersø, n = 29) and in one colony in the Baltic proper (Christiansø, n = 23) to look into their metabolisms and energy balance. Body mass was available from early and late incubation for Hov Røn and Christiansø, showing a significant decline (25–30%) in both colonies with late body mass at Christiansø being the lowest. Whole blood concentrations of total mercury Hg were significantly higher in birds at Christiansø in the east compared to Hov Røn in the west. All birds in the three colonies had Hg concentrations in the range of ≤1.0 μg/g ww, which indicates that the risk of effects on reproduction is in the no to low risk category for wild birds. Among the biochemical measures, glucose, fructosamine, amylase, albumin and protein decreased significantly from early to late incubation at Hov Røn and Christiansø, reflecting long-term fastening as supported by the decline in body mass. Untargeted metabolomics performed on Christiansø eiders revealed presence of 8,433 plasma metabolites. Of these, 3,179 metabolites changed significantly (log2-fold change ≥1, p ≤ 0.05) from the early to late incubation. For example, smaller peptides and vitamin B2 (riboflavin) were significantly down-regulated while 11-deoxycorticosterone and palmitoylcarnitine were significantly upregulated. These results show that cumulative stress including fasting during incubation affect the eiders’ biochemical profile and energy metabolism and that this may be most pronounced for the Christiansø colony in the Baltic proper. This amplify the events of temperature increases and food web changes caused by global warming that eventually accelerate the loss in body weight. Future studies should examine the relationship between body condition, temperature and reproductive outcomes and include mapping of food web contaminant, energy and nutrient content to better understand, manage and conserve the populations.

AB - The Baltic/Wadden Sea Flyway of common eiders has declined over the past three decades. Multiple factors such as contaminant exposure, global warming, hunting, white-tailed eagle predation, decreased agricultural eutrophication and infectious diseases have been suggested to explain the decline. We collected information on body mass, mercury (Hg) concentration, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating birds in two colonies in the Danish Straits (Hov Røn, n = 100; Agersø, n = 29) and in one colony in the Baltic proper (Christiansø, n = 23) to look into their metabolisms and energy balance. Body mass was available from early and late incubation for Hov Røn and Christiansø, showing a significant decline (25–30%) in both colonies with late body mass at Christiansø being the lowest. Whole blood concentrations of total mercury Hg were significantly higher in birds at Christiansø in the east compared to Hov Røn in the west. All birds in the three colonies had Hg concentrations in the range of ≤1.0 μg/g ww, which indicates that the risk of effects on reproduction is in the no to low risk category for wild birds. Among the biochemical measures, glucose, fructosamine, amylase, albumin and protein decreased significantly from early to late incubation at Hov Røn and Christiansø, reflecting long-term fastening as supported by the decline in body mass. Untargeted metabolomics performed on Christiansø eiders revealed presence of 8,433 plasma metabolites. Of these, 3,179 metabolites changed significantly (log2-fold change ≥1, p ≤ 0.05) from the early to late incubation. For example, smaller peptides and vitamin B2 (riboflavin) were significantly down-regulated while 11-deoxycorticosterone and palmitoylcarnitine were significantly upregulated. These results show that cumulative stress including fasting during incubation affect the eiders’ biochemical profile and energy metabolism and that this may be most pronounced for the Christiansø colony in the Baltic proper. This amplify the events of temperature increases and food web changes caused by global warming that eventually accelerate the loss in body weight. Future studies should examine the relationship between body condition, temperature and reproductive outcomes and include mapping of food web contaminant, energy and nutrient content to better understand, manage and conserve the populations.

KW - Fasting

KW - Fitness

KW - Mercury

KW - Physiology

KW - Reproduction

KW - Untargeted metabolomics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85086710313&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2020.105866

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2020.105866

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32590281

AN - SCOPUS:85086710313

VL - 142

JO - Environment International

JF - Environment International

SN - 0160-4120

M1 - 105866

ER -