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Rune Dietz

Arctic-adapted dogs emerged at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Mikkel Holger S. Sinding, Københavns Universitet, University of Oslo, University of Greenland, Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Trinity College Dublin
  • ,
  • Shyam Gopalakrishnan, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Jazmín Ramos-Madrigal, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Marc de Manuel, Pompeu Fabra University
  • ,
  • Vladimir V. Pitulko, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Lukas Kuderna, Pompeu Fabra University
  • ,
  • Tatiana R. Feuerborn, University of Greenland, Københavns Universitet, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm University
  • ,
  • Laurent A.F. Frantz, University of Oxford, Queen Mary University of London
  • ,
  • Filipe G. Vieira, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Jonas Niemann, Københavns Universitet, University of York
  • ,
  • Jose A. Samaniego Castruita, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Christian Carøe, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Emilie U. Andersen-Ranberg, University of Greenland, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Peter D. Jordan, University of Groningen
  • ,
  • Elena Y. Pavlova, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
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  • Pavel A. Nikolskiy, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Aleksei K. Kasparov, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Varvara V. Ivanova, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • ,
  • Eske Willerslev, Københavns Universitet, Syddansk Universitet, University of Cambridge
  • ,
  • Pontus Skoglund, Harvard University, The Francis Crick Institute
  • ,
  • Merete Fredholm, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Sanne Eline Wennerberg, Ministry of Fisheries
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  • Mads Peter Heide-Jørgensen, Greenland Institute of Natural Resources
  • ,
  • Rune Dietz
  • Christian Sonne
  • Morten Meldgaard, University of Greenland, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Love Dalén, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Centre for Palaeogenetics
  • ,
  • Greger Larson, University of Oxford
  • ,
  • Bent Petersen, Københavns Universitet, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science & Technology
  • ,
  • Thomas Sicheritz-Pontén, Københavns Universitet, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science & Technology
  • ,
  • Lutz Bachmann, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Øystein Wiig, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Tomas Marques-Bonet, Pompeu Fabra University, ICREA, Centre for Genomic Regulation, Autonomous University of Barcelona
  • ,
  • Anders J. Hansen, University of Greenland, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • M. Thomas P. Gilbert, Københavns Universitet, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Although sled dogs are one of the most specialized groups of dogs, their origin and evolution has received much less attention than many other dog groups. We applied a genomic approach to investigate their spatiotemporal emergence by sequencing the genomes of 10 modern Greenland sled dogs, an ~9500-year-old Siberian dog associated with archaeological evidence for sled technology, and an ~33,000-year-old Siberian wolf. We found noteworthy genetic similarity between the ancient dog and modern sled dogs. We detected gene flow from Pleistocene Siberian wolves, but not modern American wolves, to present-day sled dogs. The results indicate that the major ancestry of modern sled dogs traces back to Siberia, where sled dog-specific haplotypes of genes that potentially relate to Arctic adaptation were established by 9500 years ago.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScience
Vol/bind368
Nummer6498
Sider (fra-til)1495-1499
Antal sider5
ISSN0036-8075
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2020

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