Rune Dietz

Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic. / Yurkowski, David J.; Auger-Méthé, Marie; Mallory, Mark L.; Wong, Sarah N.P.; Gilchrist, Grant; Derocher, Andrew E.; Richardson, Evan; Lunn, Nicholas J.; Hussey, Nigel E.; Marcoux, Marianne; Togunov, Ron R.; Fisk, Aaron T.; Harwood, Lois A.; Dietz, Rune; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; Born, Erik W.; Mosbech, Anders; Fort, Jérôme; Grémillet, David; Loseto, Lisa; Richard, Pierre R.; Iacozza, John; Jean-Gagnon, Frankie; Brown, Tanya M.; Westdal, Kristin H.; Orr, Jack; LeBlanc, Bernard; Hedges, Kevin J.; Treble, Margaret A.; Kessel, Steven T.; Blanchfield, Paul J.; Davis, Shanti; Maftei, Mark; Spencer, Nora; McFarlane-Tranquilla, Laura; Montevecchi, William A.; Bartzen, Blake; Dickson, Lynne; Anderson, Christine; Ferguson, Steven H.

I: Diversity and Distributions, Bind 25, Nr. 3, 2019, s. 328-345.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Yurkowski, DJ, Auger-Méthé, M, Mallory, ML, Wong, SNP, Gilchrist, G, Derocher, AE, Richardson, E, Lunn, NJ, Hussey, NE, Marcoux, M, Togunov, RR, Fisk, AT, Harwood, LA, Dietz, R, Rosing-Asvid, A, Born, EW, Mosbech, A, Fort, J, Grémillet, D, Loseto, L, Richard, PR, Iacozza, J, Jean-Gagnon, F, Brown, TM, Westdal, KH, Orr, J, LeBlanc, B, Hedges, KJ, Treble, MA, Kessel, ST, Blanchfield, PJ, Davis, S, Maftei, M, Spencer, N, McFarlane-Tranquilla, L, Montevecchi, WA, Bartzen, B, Dickson, L, Anderson, C & Ferguson, SH 2019, 'Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic', Diversity and Distributions, bind 25, nr. 3, s. 328-345. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12860

APA

Yurkowski, D. J., Auger-Méthé, M., Mallory, M. L., Wong, S. N. P., Gilchrist, G., Derocher, A. E., Richardson, E., Lunn, N. J., Hussey, N. E., Marcoux, M., Togunov, R. R., Fisk, A. T., Harwood, L. A., Dietz, R., Rosing-Asvid, A., Born, E. W., Mosbech, A., Fort, J., Grémillet, D., ... Ferguson, S. H. (2019). Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic. Diversity and Distributions, 25(3), 328-345. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12860

CBE

Yurkowski DJ, Auger-Méthé M, Mallory ML, Wong SNP, Gilchrist G, Derocher AE, Richardson E, Lunn NJ, Hussey NE, Marcoux M, Togunov RR, Fisk AT, Harwood LA, Dietz R, Rosing-Asvid A, Born EW, Mosbech A, Fort J, Grémillet D, Loseto L, Richard PR, Iacozza J, Jean-Gagnon F, Brown TM, Westdal KH, Orr J, LeBlanc B, Hedges KJ, Treble MA, Kessel ST, Blanchfield PJ, Davis S, Maftei M, Spencer N, McFarlane-Tranquilla L, Montevecchi WA, Bartzen B, Dickson L, Anderson C, Ferguson SH. 2019. Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic. Diversity and Distributions. 25(3):328-345. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12860

MLA

Vancouver

Yurkowski DJ, Auger-Méthé M, Mallory ML, Wong SNP, Gilchrist G, Derocher AE o.a. Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic. Diversity and Distributions. 2019;25(3):328-345. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12860

Author

Yurkowski, David J. ; Auger-Méthé, Marie ; Mallory, Mark L. ; Wong, Sarah N.P. ; Gilchrist, Grant ; Derocher, Andrew E. ; Richardson, Evan ; Lunn, Nicholas J. ; Hussey, Nigel E. ; Marcoux, Marianne ; Togunov, Ron R. ; Fisk, Aaron T. ; Harwood, Lois A. ; Dietz, Rune ; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu ; Born, Erik W. ; Mosbech, Anders ; Fort, Jérôme ; Grémillet, David ; Loseto, Lisa ; Richard, Pierre R. ; Iacozza, John ; Jean-Gagnon, Frankie ; Brown, Tanya M. ; Westdal, Kristin H. ; Orr, Jack ; LeBlanc, Bernard ; Hedges, Kevin J. ; Treble, Margaret A. ; Kessel, Steven T. ; Blanchfield, Paul J. ; Davis, Shanti ; Maftei, Mark ; Spencer, Nora ; McFarlane-Tranquilla, Laura ; Montevecchi, William A. ; Bartzen, Blake ; Dickson, Lynne ; Anderson, Christine ; Ferguson, Steven H. / Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic. I: Diversity and Distributions. 2019 ; Bind 25, Nr. 3. s. 328-345.

Bibtex

@article{3322178a445d4eadb8c857a12bc04498,
title = "Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic",
abstract = "Aim: Climate change is altering marine ecosystems worldwide and is most pronounced in the Arctic. Economic development is increasing leading to more disturbances and pressures on Arctic wildlife. Identifying areas that support higher levels of predator abundance and biodiversity is important for the implementation of targeted conservation measures across the Arctic. Location: Primarily Canadian Arctic marine waters but also parts of the United States, Greenland and Russia. Methods: We compiled the largest data set of existing telemetry data for marine predators in the North American Arctic consisting of 1,283 individuals from 21 species. Data were arranged into four species groups: (a) cetaceans and pinnipeds, (b) polar bears Ursus maritimus (c) seabirds, and (d) fishes to address the following objectives: (a) to identify abundance hotspots for each species group in the summer–autumn and winter–spring; (b) to identify species diversity hotspots across all species groups and extent of overlap with exclusive economic zones; and (c) to perform a gap analysis that assesses amount of overlap between species diversity hotspots with existing protected areas. Results: Abundance and species diversity hotpots during summer–autumn and winter–spring were identified in Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, Amundsen Gulf, and the Beaufort, Chukchi and Bering seas both within and across species groups. Abundance and species diversity hotpots occurred within the continental slope in summer–autumn and offshore in areas of moving pack ice in winter–spring. Gap analysis revealed that the current level of conservation protection that overlaps species diversity hotspots is low covering only 5% (77,498 km2) in summer–autumn and 7% (83,202 km2) in winter–spring. Main conclusions: We identified several areas of potential importance for Arctic marine predators that could provide policymakers with a starting point for conservation measures given the multitude of threats facing the Arctic. These results are relevant to multilevel and multinational governance to protect this vulnerable ecosystem in our rapidly changing world.",
keywords = "animal movement, biologging, climate change, conservation, fishes, marine mammals, protected areas, seabirds, CHANGING SEA-ICE, HABITAT SELECTION, SPATIAL-PATTERNS, CLIMATE-CHANGE, RINGED SEALS, BEAUFORT SEA, POLAR BEARS, BIRDS, MOVEMENTS, MAMMALS",
author = "Yurkowski, {David J.} and Marie Auger-M{\'e}th{\'e} and Mallory, {Mark L.} and Wong, {Sarah N.P.} and Grant Gilchrist and Derocher, {Andrew E.} and Evan Richardson and Lunn, {Nicholas J.} and Hussey, {Nigel E.} and Marianne Marcoux and Togunov, {Ron R.} and Fisk, {Aaron T.} and Harwood, {Lois A.} and Rune Dietz and Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid and Born, {Erik W.} and Anders Mosbech and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Fort and David Gr{\'e}millet and Lisa Loseto and Richard, {Pierre R.} and John Iacozza and Frankie Jean-Gagnon and Brown, {Tanya M.} and Westdal, {Kristin H.} and Jack Orr and Bernard LeBlanc and Hedges, {Kevin J.} and Treble, {Margaret A.} and Kessel, {Steven T.} and Blanchfield, {Paul J.} and Shanti Davis and Mark Maftei and Nora Spencer and Laura McFarlane-Tranquilla and Montevecchi, {William A.} and Blake Bartzen and Lynne Dickson and Christine Anderson and Ferguson, {Steven H.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1111/ddi.12860",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "328--345",
journal = "Diversity and Distributions",
issn = "1366-9516",
publisher = "Jossey-Bass",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic

AU - Yurkowski, David J.

AU - Auger-Méthé, Marie

AU - Mallory, Mark L.

AU - Wong, Sarah N.P.

AU - Gilchrist, Grant

AU - Derocher, Andrew E.

AU - Richardson, Evan

AU - Lunn, Nicholas J.

AU - Hussey, Nigel E.

AU - Marcoux, Marianne

AU - Togunov, Ron R.

AU - Fisk, Aaron T.

AU - Harwood, Lois A.

AU - Dietz, Rune

AU - Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu

AU - Born, Erik W.

AU - Mosbech, Anders

AU - Fort, Jérôme

AU - Grémillet, David

AU - Loseto, Lisa

AU - Richard, Pierre R.

AU - Iacozza, John

AU - Jean-Gagnon, Frankie

AU - Brown, Tanya M.

AU - Westdal, Kristin H.

AU - Orr, Jack

AU - LeBlanc, Bernard

AU - Hedges, Kevin J.

AU - Treble, Margaret A.

AU - Kessel, Steven T.

AU - Blanchfield, Paul J.

AU - Davis, Shanti

AU - Maftei, Mark

AU - Spencer, Nora

AU - McFarlane-Tranquilla, Laura

AU - Montevecchi, William A.

AU - Bartzen, Blake

AU - Dickson, Lynne

AU - Anderson, Christine

AU - Ferguson, Steven H.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Aim: Climate change is altering marine ecosystems worldwide and is most pronounced in the Arctic. Economic development is increasing leading to more disturbances and pressures on Arctic wildlife. Identifying areas that support higher levels of predator abundance and biodiversity is important for the implementation of targeted conservation measures across the Arctic. Location: Primarily Canadian Arctic marine waters but also parts of the United States, Greenland and Russia. Methods: We compiled the largest data set of existing telemetry data for marine predators in the North American Arctic consisting of 1,283 individuals from 21 species. Data were arranged into four species groups: (a) cetaceans and pinnipeds, (b) polar bears Ursus maritimus (c) seabirds, and (d) fishes to address the following objectives: (a) to identify abundance hotspots for each species group in the summer–autumn and winter–spring; (b) to identify species diversity hotspots across all species groups and extent of overlap with exclusive economic zones; and (c) to perform a gap analysis that assesses amount of overlap between species diversity hotspots with existing protected areas. Results: Abundance and species diversity hotpots during summer–autumn and winter–spring were identified in Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, Amundsen Gulf, and the Beaufort, Chukchi and Bering seas both within and across species groups. Abundance and species diversity hotpots occurred within the continental slope in summer–autumn and offshore in areas of moving pack ice in winter–spring. Gap analysis revealed that the current level of conservation protection that overlaps species diversity hotspots is low covering only 5% (77,498 km2) in summer–autumn and 7% (83,202 km2) in winter–spring. Main conclusions: We identified several areas of potential importance for Arctic marine predators that could provide policymakers with a starting point for conservation measures given the multitude of threats facing the Arctic. These results are relevant to multilevel and multinational governance to protect this vulnerable ecosystem in our rapidly changing world.

AB - Aim: Climate change is altering marine ecosystems worldwide and is most pronounced in the Arctic. Economic development is increasing leading to more disturbances and pressures on Arctic wildlife. Identifying areas that support higher levels of predator abundance and biodiversity is important for the implementation of targeted conservation measures across the Arctic. Location: Primarily Canadian Arctic marine waters but also parts of the United States, Greenland and Russia. Methods: We compiled the largest data set of existing telemetry data for marine predators in the North American Arctic consisting of 1,283 individuals from 21 species. Data were arranged into four species groups: (a) cetaceans and pinnipeds, (b) polar bears Ursus maritimus (c) seabirds, and (d) fishes to address the following objectives: (a) to identify abundance hotspots for each species group in the summer–autumn and winter–spring; (b) to identify species diversity hotspots across all species groups and extent of overlap with exclusive economic zones; and (c) to perform a gap analysis that assesses amount of overlap between species diversity hotspots with existing protected areas. Results: Abundance and species diversity hotpots during summer–autumn and winter–spring were identified in Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, Amundsen Gulf, and the Beaufort, Chukchi and Bering seas both within and across species groups. Abundance and species diversity hotpots occurred within the continental slope in summer–autumn and offshore in areas of moving pack ice in winter–spring. Gap analysis revealed that the current level of conservation protection that overlaps species diversity hotspots is low covering only 5% (77,498 km2) in summer–autumn and 7% (83,202 km2) in winter–spring. Main conclusions: We identified several areas of potential importance for Arctic marine predators that could provide policymakers with a starting point for conservation measures given the multitude of threats facing the Arctic. These results are relevant to multilevel and multinational governance to protect this vulnerable ecosystem in our rapidly changing world.

KW - animal movement

KW - biologging

KW - climate change

KW - conservation

KW - fishes

KW - marine mammals

KW - protected areas

KW - seabirds

KW - CHANGING SEA-ICE

KW - HABITAT SELECTION

KW - SPATIAL-PATTERNS

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - RINGED SEALS

KW - BEAUFORT SEA

KW - POLAR BEARS

KW - BIRDS

KW - MOVEMENTS

KW - MAMMALS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059128532&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ddi.12860

DO - 10.1111/ddi.12860

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85059128532

VL - 25

SP - 328

EP - 345

JO - Diversity and Distributions

JF - Diversity and Distributions

SN - 1366-9516

IS - 3

ER -