Rubens Spin-Neto

Evaluation of a bone substitute covered with a collagen membrane for ridge preservation after tooth extraction. Clinical and tomographic randomized controlled study in humans

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DOI

  • Felipe Anderson Sousa Nunes, Departament of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Túlio B Pignaton, Departament of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Arthur B Novaes, Departament of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Mário Taba, Departament of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Michel R Messora, Departament of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Daniela B Palioto, Departament of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Rubens Spin-Neto
  • Sérgio Luís Scombatti de Souza, Departament of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brasilien

Objective: To evaluate the use of a synthetic bone substitute covered with a collagen membrane for ridge preservation after tooth extraction, by clinical and tomographic analysis. Material and Methods: Fifteen patients, presenting at least two maxillary anterior teeth indicated for extraction, were selected: in the test group (TG), post-extraction sockets were filled by a synthetic bone substitute; in the control group (CG), by blood clot. In both groups, the sockets were covered by a collagen membrane. Cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) scans were acquired immediately after and 6 months post-surgically, and horizontal and vertical dimensional bone changes were quantified. Results: Transurgical clinical analysis presented no statistically significant differences between TG and CG (p >.05). CBCT intragroup evaluation presented statistically significant reduction for the buccal alveolar measurement (TG = 1.58 mm or 21.82%, and CG = 1.66 mm or 24.08%) and horizontal cervical measurement (TG = 0.55 mm or 8.30% and CG = 1.30 mm or 17.68%), and not significant for palatal alveolar measurement (TG = 0.44 mm or 3.42% and CG = 0.26 mm or 3.89%). For alveolar height and horizontal apical measurements, this decrease was significant only for the CG, with reductions of 1.03 mm and 0.50 mm, respectively, compared to a decrease of 0.57 mm and 0.19 mm for the TG. The intergroup analysis showed significant difference for cervical horizontal measurement after 6 months (p <.05). Conclusion: The results showed that the use of the bone substitute covered with a collagen membrane resulted in less changes in vertical and horizontal alveolar ridge dimensions than the collagen membrane alone.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Oral Implants Research
Vol/bind29
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)424-433
Antal sider10
ISSN0905-7161
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2018

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