Rubens Spin-Neto

Comprehensive oral-health assessment of individuals with acquired brain-injury in neuro-rehabilitation setting

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PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To perform a detailed clinical oral health assessment and oral-health-related social and behavioural aspect assessment in individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI).

RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective observational study.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirteen individuals with ABI were recruited. Individual's social and behavioural history, bed-side oral examination score (BOE), tooth condition and periodontal status (bleeding, plaque and clinical attachment loss) were thoroughly examined. The entire examination took up to 60 minutes, using proper dental armamentarium.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: All evaluated individuals were diagnosed with chronic generalized periodontitis. A relationship between active periodontal disease and severe BOE score was observed (p = 0.01). Significant interaction between severe BOE scores (≥ 15 or ≥ 14) and periodontal disease severity of ≥ 2 mm (p = 0.01) was observed. The same interaction was seen between severe BOE scores and the combination of 75% extent and 2 mm severity (p = 0.01). Severity and activity of periodontitis showed dependence on individual brushing frequency (p = 0.03 and p = 0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with ABI had a poor status across a range of oral-, dental- and periodontal-related parameters. Further structured studies are required to define evidence-based assessment approaches for such clinical reality.

TidsskriftBrain Injury
Sider (fra-til)1103-1108
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - 3 jun. 2016

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