Rubens Spin-Neto

Comparison of radiographic and histological assessment of peri-implant bone around oral implants

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DOI

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the radiographic bone mineral density and the histological assessment of relative volume density of bone and bone-to-implant contact (BIC) of single implants placed in the posterior mandible of monkeys.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five mature, male cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) with a total of 20 implants inserted 3-6 months previously were available for investigation. Digital intra-oral radiographs were obtained with two different sensors and one phosphor plate system. The marginal bone level was measured on both sides of the implant on digital radiographs. Furthermore, bone density was evaluated using histogram analysis of the grey shades in a distance of 1 mm from the implant surface. The radiographic assessments were compared to histomorphometric analyses.

RESULTS: The marginal bone level, the distance from the margin of the implant to the most coronal bone in direct contact with the implant evaluated histologically, was on average 1.4 mm, whereas this distance was significantly shorter (0.3 mm) on the digital radiographs. Still, a statistical significant correlation between the two bone level measurements was observed. The average radiographic bone density evaluated with the three different systems varied considerably. The histologic bone density was statistically significantly lower than the radiographic bone density measured with all the three techniques for acquiring digital radiographic images. Furthermore, the histologic bone density was statistically significantly correlated with the radiographic bone density only when measured with one of the sensors. On the other hand, the histologic BIC was statistically significantly correlated with the radiographic bone density obtained with all three techniques for acquiring digital radiographic images.

CONCLUSIONS: The distance from the margin of the implant to the most coronal bone in direct contact with the implant showed lower values on digital intra-oral radiographs than histologically. Furthermore, the bone density assessed on intra-oral radiographs reflected to some extend the amount of bone at or near the implant surfaces evaluated histologically.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Oral Implants Research
Vol/bind27
Sider (fra-til)782-786
Antal sider5
ISSN0905-7161
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2016

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