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Renée Marije van der Sluis

Latency profiles of full length HIV-1 molecular clone variants with a subtype specific promoter.

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Latency profiles of full length HIV-1 molecular clone variants with a subtype specific promoter. / van der Sluis, Renée Marije; Pollakis, Georgios; van Gerven, Marja; Berkhout, Ben.

I: Retrovirology, Bind 8, Nr. 73, 16.09.2011, s. 73-85.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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van der Sluis, Renée Marije ; Pollakis, Georgios ; van Gerven, Marja ; Berkhout, Ben. / Latency profiles of full length HIV-1 molecular clone variants with a subtype specific promoter. I: Retrovirology. 2011 ; Bind 8, Nr. 73. s. 73-85.

Bibtex

@article{f18cdea6f5a64b34896aad0526762e90,
title = "Latency profiles of full length HIV-1 molecular clone variants with a subtype specific promoter.",
abstract = "BackgroundHIV-1 transcription initiation depends on cellular transcription factors that bind to promoter sequences in the Long Terminal Repeat (LTR). Each HIV-1 subtype has a specific LTR promoter configuration and even minor sequence changes in the transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) or their arrangement can impact transcriptional activity. Most latency studies have focused on HIV-1 subtype B strains, and the degree to which LTR promoter variation contributes to differences in proviral latency is therefore largely unknown. Latency differences may influence establishment and size of viral reservoirs as well as the possibility to clear the virus by therapeutic intervention.ResultsWe investigated the proviral transcriptional latency properties of different HIV-1 subtypes as their LTRs have unique assemblies of transcription factor binding sites. We constructed recombinant viral genomes with the subtype-specific promoters inserted in the common backbone of the subtype B LAI isolate. The recombinant viruses are isogenic, except for the core promoter region that encodes all major TFBS, including NFκB and Sp1 sites. We developed and optimized an assay to investigate HIV-1 proviral latency in T cell lines. Our data show that the majority of HIV-1 infected T cells only start viral gene expression after TNFα activation.ConclusionsThere were no gross differences among the subtypes, both in the initial latency level and the activation response, except for subtype AE that combines an increased level of basal transcription with a reduced TNFα response. This subtype AE property is related to the presence of a GABP instead of NFκB binding site in the LTR.",
author = "{van der Sluis}, {Ren{\'e}e Marije} and Georgios Pollakis and {van Gerven}, Marja and Ben Berkhout",
year = "2011",
month = sep,
day = "16",
doi = "10.1186/1742-4690-8-73",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "73--85",
journal = "Retrovirology",
issn = "1742-4690",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "73",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Latency profiles of full length HIV-1 molecular clone variants with a subtype specific promoter.

AU - van der Sluis, Renée Marije

AU - Pollakis, Georgios

AU - van Gerven, Marja

AU - Berkhout, Ben

PY - 2011/9/16

Y1 - 2011/9/16

N2 - BackgroundHIV-1 transcription initiation depends on cellular transcription factors that bind to promoter sequences in the Long Terminal Repeat (LTR). Each HIV-1 subtype has a specific LTR promoter configuration and even minor sequence changes in the transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) or their arrangement can impact transcriptional activity. Most latency studies have focused on HIV-1 subtype B strains, and the degree to which LTR promoter variation contributes to differences in proviral latency is therefore largely unknown. Latency differences may influence establishment and size of viral reservoirs as well as the possibility to clear the virus by therapeutic intervention.ResultsWe investigated the proviral transcriptional latency properties of different HIV-1 subtypes as their LTRs have unique assemblies of transcription factor binding sites. We constructed recombinant viral genomes with the subtype-specific promoters inserted in the common backbone of the subtype B LAI isolate. The recombinant viruses are isogenic, except for the core promoter region that encodes all major TFBS, including NFκB and Sp1 sites. We developed and optimized an assay to investigate HIV-1 proviral latency in T cell lines. Our data show that the majority of HIV-1 infected T cells only start viral gene expression after TNFα activation.ConclusionsThere were no gross differences among the subtypes, both in the initial latency level and the activation response, except for subtype AE that combines an increased level of basal transcription with a reduced TNFα response. This subtype AE property is related to the presence of a GABP instead of NFκB binding site in the LTR.

AB - BackgroundHIV-1 transcription initiation depends on cellular transcription factors that bind to promoter sequences in the Long Terminal Repeat (LTR). Each HIV-1 subtype has a specific LTR promoter configuration and even minor sequence changes in the transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) or their arrangement can impact transcriptional activity. Most latency studies have focused on HIV-1 subtype B strains, and the degree to which LTR promoter variation contributes to differences in proviral latency is therefore largely unknown. Latency differences may influence establishment and size of viral reservoirs as well as the possibility to clear the virus by therapeutic intervention.ResultsWe investigated the proviral transcriptional latency properties of different HIV-1 subtypes as their LTRs have unique assemblies of transcription factor binding sites. We constructed recombinant viral genomes with the subtype-specific promoters inserted in the common backbone of the subtype B LAI isolate. The recombinant viruses are isogenic, except for the core promoter region that encodes all major TFBS, including NFκB and Sp1 sites. We developed and optimized an assay to investigate HIV-1 proviral latency in T cell lines. Our data show that the majority of HIV-1 infected T cells only start viral gene expression after TNFα activation.ConclusionsThere were no gross differences among the subtypes, both in the initial latency level and the activation response, except for subtype AE that combines an increased level of basal transcription with a reduced TNFα response. This subtype AE property is related to the presence of a GABP instead of NFκB binding site in the LTR.

U2 - 10.1186/1742-4690-8-73

DO - 10.1186/1742-4690-8-73

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21923919

VL - 8

SP - 73

EP - 85

JO - Retrovirology

JF - Retrovirology

SN - 1742-4690

IS - 73

ER -